Src-signaling interference impairs the dissemination of blood-borne tumor cells
Inhibition of angiogenesis could be a treatment strategy for diseases such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetic retinopathy. PP2 is a pharmacological inhibitor of Src family kinases and was found to inhibit FGF-2 induced angiogenesis in vivo. Experiments in vitro showed that PP2 inhibited invasive growth and sprouting of both endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells into a fibrin matrix. PP2 inhibited the formation of lamellopodia and expression of kinase inactive c-Src reduced phosphorylation of cortactin and paxillin, suggesting a model in which Src kinases are involved in organization of the actin cytoskeleton. Consequently, endothelial cells expressing kinase inactive c-Src failed to spread and form cord-like structures on a collagen matrix. These data suggest that pharmacological inactivation of Src family kinases inhibits FGF-2 stimulated angiogenesis by interference with organization of the actin cytoskeleton in both endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells, which affects cell migration.