In vivo recording of aerodynamic force with an aerodynamic force platform: from drones to birds

  title={In vivo recording of aerodynamic force with an aerodynamic force platform: from drones to birds},
  author={David Lentink and Andreas F. Haselsteiner and Rivers Ingersoll},
  journal={Journal of the Royal Society Interface},
Flapping wings enable flying animals and biomimetic robots to generate elevated aerodynamic forces. Measurements that demonstrate this capability are based on experiments with tethered robots and animals, and indirect force calculations based on measured kinematics or airflow during free flight. Remarkably, there exists no method to measure these forces directly during free flight. Such in vivo recordings in freely behaving animals are essential to better understand the precise aerodynamic… 

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