In vivo and noninvasive load sharing among the vasti in patellar malalignment.

@article{Makhsous2004InVA,
  title={In vivo and noninvasive load sharing among the vasti in patellar malalignment.},
  author={Mohsen Makhsous and Fang Lin and Jason Lee Koh and Gordon W. Nuber and Li-Qun Zhang},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  year={2004},
  volume={36 10},
  pages={1768-75}
}
PURPOSE It is not clear how the knee extension torque is distributed quantitatively among the lateral and medial vasti in patellofemoral pain (PFP) patients with patellar malalignment, which was investigated in vivo and noninvasively in ten PFP patients and eleven controls. We hypothesized that the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and vastus medialis longus (VML) of PFP patients contribute less to knee extension than that in controls. METHODS Electrical stimulation was used to activate each… CONTINUE READING

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In vivo patellar tracking in patellar malaligned knees

  • A. F. LIN, M. MAKHSOUS, +4 authors L.-Q. Zhang
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