In vivo anatomic study of cutaneous perforators in free flaps using magnetic resonance imaging.


Adequate knowledge of perforator location preoperatively will enable the surgeon to achieve optimal flap design and flap survival. Most previous attempts have relied on the use of Doppler ultrasound and earlier anatomic knowledge. With ultrasound, there may at times be signals from overlapping blood vessels. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is sensitive to… (More)


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