In vitro susceptibility of Campylobacter and Salmonella isolates from broilers to quinolones, ampicillin, tetracycline, and erythromycin.

Abstract

Recently, an increased resistance of Campylobacter to fluoroquinolones, a newer class of antimicrobial agents in both human and veterinary medicine, has been reported. Campylobacter isolates (617) from 150 broiler flocks were tested for their susceptibility to cephalothin (control), ampicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, and the quinolones nalidixic acid, flumequine, enrofloxacin, and ciprofloxacin by a disc diffusion method. Almost complete cross-resistance was found between the quinolones tested. Campylobacter isolates (181, 29%), originating from 55 flocks (37%), were quinolone resistant. Salmonella isolates (94) from 40 flocks were also tested for their antimicrobial susceptibility. Eight isolates (8.5%), from three broiler flocks (7.5%), showed resistance to nalidixic acid and flumequine (and tetracycline), but not to ciprofloxacin or enrofloxacin.

Statistics

0100200'98'00'02'04'06'08'10'12'14'16
Citations per Year

620 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 620 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{JacobsReitsma1994InVS, title={In vitro susceptibility of Campylobacter and Salmonella isolates from broilers to quinolones, ampicillin, tetracycline, and erythromycin.}, author={Wilma F. Jacobs-Reitsma and Paul M. Koenraad and Nico M Bolder and Robert Mulder}, journal={The Veterinary quarterly}, year={1994}, volume={16 4}, pages={206-8} }