In vitro study of the revised ultrasound based real-time tracking of renal stones for shock wave lithotripsy: Part 1.


PURPOSE Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy has been popular since the 1980s. Only 30% to 50% of the shock waves of all conventional lithotripters are focused on stones. We developed an ultrasound based, real-time stone tracking system (version 1) to improve accuracy and treatment efficiency. However, some problems remained. We revised the existing system… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.11.111