FIXED METAL CERAMIC PROSTHESES Treatment need, complications and survival of conventional fixed prosthodontics
The solubility of resin luting cement remains unknown although the use of resin luting cement for routine cementation of restorations has increased. The purpose of this in-vitro study was to compare the solubilities of three resin cements currently in clinical use with three brands of conventional luting agents. The three resin luting cements, All-Bond C&B (AB, Bisco) Panavia 21 (P21, Kuraray), and Super-Bond C&B (SB, Sun-Medical), and the three conventional luting agents, Elite Cement 100 (EC, zinc phosphate cement, GC), HY-Bond Carbo-plus Cement (HCP, polycarboxylate cement, Shofu), and Fuji I (FI, glass-ionomer cement, GC) were used in this study. A modification of the ADA specification test was adopted to evaluate the solubilities of luting cements. The two types of media (distilled water and pH 4.0 lactic acid solution) in which specimens were stored for 30 days were prepared. The four luting cements, EC, FI, AB, and P21, were more soluble in lactic acid solution than in distilled water. Resin luting cements were markedly less soluble than conventional luting agents when placed in fresh lactic acid solution (0.001 mol/L) at pH 4.0 every 24 h over a 30-day period. The solubility rates of luting cements could be fitted to mathematical expressions which indicated that the solubilities increased linearly or logarithmically with immersion period. Fixed prosthodontic restorations cemented with resin luting cement may be capable of withstanding long-term clinical use compared with conventional luting agents.