In vitro oxygen availability modulates the effect of artesunate on HeLa cells.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIM Hypoxia can affect chemotherapeutic drug efficacy in cancer patients, yet related in vitro assays in oxygen-rich environment remain the norm. Such levels are well beyond normoxic/hypoxic levels typically experienced by normal tissues/tumor masses. The present study evaluated how artesunate anti-tumor efficacy is modulated by oxygen availability in HeLa cells and its implications for future in vitro analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS Real-time cell analysis was employed to evaluate HeLa cell toxicity to artesunate at 21%, 4% or 1% oxygen. Cell count analysis was performed to validate real-time data. RESULTS An increase in artesunate efficacy was observed when oxygen concentration was reduced from atmospheric levels down to in vivo-relevant levels. CONCLUSION Artesunate is more potent than originally reported using standard oxygen conditions during in vitro studies. The inclusion of this long overlooked variable as standard in future in vitro analysis procedures is warranted.

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Cite this paper

@article{Murray2014InVO, title={In vitro oxygen availability modulates the effect of artesunate on HeLa cells.}, author={James T. Murray and Sandra Gannon and Sarah L Rawe and James E J Murphy}, journal={Anticancer research}, year={2014}, volume={34 12}, pages={7055-60} }