Low-Turnover Drug Molecules: A Current Challenge for Drug Metabolism Scientists.
In vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) of intrinsic clearance in preclinical species of rat and dog was established using the hepatocyte relay method to support high-confidence prediction of human pharmacokinetics for low-clearance compounds. Good IVIVC of intrinsic clearance was observed for most of the compounds, with predicted values within 2-fold of the observed values. The exceptions involved transporter-mediated uptake clearance or metabolizing enzymes with extensive extrahepatic contribution. This is the first assay available to address low clearance challenges in preclinical species for IVIVC in drug discovery. It extends the utility of the hepatocyte relay method in addressing low clearance issues.