In vitro fertilization outcomes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection with fresh or frozen-thawed testicular spermatozoa.

@article{Habermann2000InVF,
  title={In vitro fertilization outcomes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection with fresh or frozen-thawed testicular spermatozoa.},
  author={Helga Habermann and Ryutaro Seo and Jeanine Cieslak and Craig Niederberger and Gail S. Prins and Larry G Ross},
  journal={Fertility and sterility},
  year={2000},
  volume={73 5},
  pages={955-60}
}
OBJECTIVE To compare the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) with fresh and cryopreserved testicular spermatozoa in patients with obstructive and nonobstructive azoospermia. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of consecutive ICSI cycles. SETTING Large urban reproductive medicine program. PATIENT(S) Twenty-nine patients with obstructive and nonobstructive azoospermia undergoing testicular sperm extraction for a total of 46 IVF-ICSI cycles (12… CONTINUE READING