In vitro fertilization of bovine oocytes in a chemically defined, protein-free medium varying the bicarbonate concentration.

Abstract

Bovine cumulus-enclosed oocytes were matured in culture, freed from cumulus cells, and inseminated with frozen-thawed spermatozoa in a chemically defined protein-free medium containing 5 mM caffeine and 10 micrograms/ml heparin. No penetration of oocytes was observed in the medium without polyvinyl-alcohol (PVA); but when the medium was supplemented with 0… (More)

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