In vitro effects of azithromycin on Salmonella typhi: early inhibition by concentrations less than the MIC and reduction of MIC by alkaline pH and small inocula.


To explain good clinical results of azithromycin in patients with typhoid fever, 10 strains of Salmonella typhi were grown in cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton broth. MICs of azithromycin were 4-16 mg/L. At a sub-MIC of 2 mg/L, early inhibition of growth was shown at 2, 4 and 8 h of incubation, but at 24 and 48 h growth to turbidity occurred. At 4 mg/L… (More)