In the Shadow of Democracy Promotion

  title={In the Shadow of Democracy Promotion},
  author={Emily Beaulieu and Susan D. Hyde},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  pages={392 - 415}
International efforts to promote democracy can have unanticipated effects. International election observation is perceived to increase domestic confidence in the electoral process and reduce fraud. Conversely, election boycotts are perceived to be more likely as electoral fairness decreases. The authors document a puzzling relationship between monitored elections and opposition party boycotts: Observers are associated with an increased boycott probability. They argue that international benefits… Expand

Figures from this paper

The future of elections in Africa: Critical Issues and Perspectives
The centrality of elections in democracy has been overemphasized. Huntington asserts that the institutionalization of elections is a sufficient step to bring and consolidate democracy. He argues thatExpand
Electoral Observation and the Promotion of Democracy : Wishful Thinking or a Reality ?
It is assumed that electoral observation missions (EOM) are designed to promote improvements in democratic quality by overseeing the electoral process. However, recent academic debates show that thisExpand
Catch Us if You Can: Election Monitoring and International Norm Diffusion
Why has the decision to invite foreign election observers become an international norm? More generally, how do international norms develop in the absence of incentives for cooperation or activism byExpand
“Tying incumbents' hands”: The effects of election monitoring on electoral outcomes
Electoral observation missions (EOM) are designed to promote improvements in democratic quality by overseeing elections, but how successful are they? We argue that EOM tie the hands of incumbents,Expand
The Risks of Election Observation: International Condemnation and Post-Election Violence
Research on international election observation shows that observation reduces fraud, encourages participation, and boosts confidence in the election. However, this conventional account misses theExpand
When Do Political Parties Protest Election Results?
Often, one or more of the parties participating in an election refuse to comply with the announced results and frequently resort to extra-legal strategies to dispute electoral outcomes. Such protestsExpand
The Unintended Consequences of Democracy Promotion: International Organizations and Democratic Backsliding
Since the end of the Cold War, international organizations (IOs) have engaged in unprecedented levels of democracy promotion, and research overwhelmingly links them to positive democratic outcomes.Expand
Disputed Elections in Presidential Democracies: Contexts of Electoral “Blackmail”
This study examines the global phenomenon of postelection disputes within presidential democracies. By using an original data set of 164 presidential elections held from 1974 to 2012 in 31Expand
International influences on elections in new multiparty states
Practitioners and politicians have long debated the wisdom of pushing countries to hold elections, with some arguing for its necessity and others warning of its futility and even danger. Yet,Expand
All Quiet on Election Day? International Election Observation and Incentives for Violent Manipulation in African Elections
The literature on electoral violence claims that polling on election day is often the most peaceful period in the electoral process, a finding researchers consider paradoxical and surprising. ThisExpand


The role of electoral administration in democratic transitions: Implications for policy and research
Much has been written about the causes and consequences of democracy, but a crucial variable for explaining the success or the failure of democratic transitions has been omitted ‐ the administrationExpand
Does Foreign Aid Promote Democracy
Aid potentially can contribute to democratization in several ways: (1) through technical assistance focusing on electoral processes, the strengthening of legislatures and judiciaries as checks onExpand
Fair? What Has Fairness Got to Do with It? Vagaries of Election Observations and Democratic Standards
The observation and monitoring of elections and referenda has become a ‘growth business’ in Africa since external and internal pressures have forced the leaders of one-party states to test theirExpand
Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002
Why do political parties boycott elections and what do election boycotts mean for democracy in developing countries? To answer these questions, I differentiate between major and minor boycotts toExpand
Beyond free and fair : monitoring elections and building democracy
Beyond Free and Fair: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy draws on worldwide experience since the mid-1980s to evaluate international election monitoring and domestic monitoring, and theirExpand
The Nested Game of Democratization by Elections
In developing an analytical framework for the comparative study of processes of democratization by elections, this article first lays out the techniques of electoral manipulation authoritarian rulersExpand
Election observation and democratization in Africa
Preface G.Hesseling Introduction: Rethinking Democratization and Election Observation J.Abbink PART I: THE CONTEXT OF ELECTIONS IN AFRICA Democratization in Africa: The Role of Election ObservationExpand
The Rise of Election Monitoring: The Observers Observed
Thomas Carothers is director of research at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He has participated in election-observation missions in various parts of the world for the NationalExpand
Voting for Autocracy: Hegemonic Party Survival and its Demise in Mexico
1. Equilibrium party hegemony 2. Structural determinants of mass support 3. Budget cycles under autocracy 4. The politics of vote-buying 5. Judging economic performance in hard times 6. IdeologicalExpand
Conditioning the Effects of Aid: Cold War Politics, Donor Credibility, and Democracy in Africa
The effect of foreign aid on regime type in recipient countries remains widely debated. In this research note, I argue that a recent focus on “moral hazard” has distracted attention from anotherExpand