In the Shadow of Democracy Promotion

  title={In the Shadow of Democracy Promotion},
  author={Emily Beaulieu and Susan D. Hyde},
  journal={Comparative Political Studies},
  pages={392 - 415}
International efforts to promote democracy can have unanticipated effects. International election observation is perceived to increase domestic confidence in the electoral process and reduce fraud. Conversely, election boycotts are perceived to be more likely as electoral fairness decreases. The authors document a puzzling relationship between monitored elections and opposition party boycotts: Observers are associated with an increased boycott probability. They argue that international benefits… 

Figures from this paper

The Effect of Election Observation

  • M. Regalia
  • Political Science
    Communist and Post-Communist Studies
  • 2022
International election observation has become a standard practice in democratizing countries. Doubts have been cast on the ability of electoral observers to accurately judge the freedom and fairness

The future of elections in Africa: Critical Issues and Perspectives

The centrality of elections in democracy has been overemphasized. Huntington asserts that the institutionalization of elections is a sufficient step to bring and consolidate democracy. He argues that

Electoral Observation and the Promotion of Democracy : Wishful Thinking or a Reality ?

It is assumed that electoral observation missions (EOM) are designed to promote improvements in democratic quality by overseeing the electoral process. However, recent academic debates show that this

Catch Us if You Can: Election Monitoring and International Norm Diffusion

Why has the decision to invite foreign election observers become an international norm? More generally, how do international norms develop in the absence of incentives for cooperation or activism by

Elections, legitimacy, and compliance in authoritarian regimes: evidence from the Arab world

ABSTRACT Elections have been theorized to bolster compliance with authoritarian regimes by strengthening their coercive capacity, their ability to co-opt, and their legitimacy. While a growing body

The Risks of Election Observation: International Condemnation and Post-Election Violence

Research on international election observation shows that observation reduces fraud, encourages participation, and boosts confidence in the election. However, this conventional account misses the

When Do Political Parties Protest Election Results?

Often, one or more of the parties participating in an election refuse to comply with the announced results and frequently resort to extra-legal strategies to dispute electoral outcomes. Such protests

The Unintended Consequences of Democracy Promotion: International Organizations and Democratic Backsliding

Since the end of the Cold War, international organizations (IOs) have engaged in unprecedented levels of democracy promotion, and research overwhelmingly links them to positive democratic outcomes.

Disputed Elections in Presidential Democracies: Contexts of Electoral “Blackmail”

This study examines the global phenomenon of postelection disputes within presidential democracies. By using an original data set of 164 presidential elections held from 1974 to 2012 in 31



Does Foreign Aid Promote Democracy

Aid potentially can contribute to democratization in several ways: (1) through technical assistance focusing on electoral processes, the strengthening of legislatures and judiciaries as checks on

Fair? What Has Fairness Got to Do with It? Vagaries of Election Observations and Democratic Standards

  • G. Geisler
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • 1993
The observation and monitoring of elections and referenda has become a ‘growth business’ in Africa since external and internal pressures have forced the leaders of one-party states to test their

Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002

Why do political parties boycott elections and what do election boycotts mean for democracy in developing countries? To answer these questions, I differentiate between major and minor boycotts to

Beyond free and fair : monitoring elections and building democracy

Beyond Free and Fair: Monitoring Elections and Building Democracy draws on worldwide experience since the mid-1980s to evaluate international election monitoring and domestic monitoring, and their

The Nested Game of Democratization by Elections

In developing an analytical framework for the comparative study of processes of democratization by elections, this article first lays out the techniques of electoral manipulation authoritarian rulers

Election observation and democratization in Africa

Preface G.Hesseling Introduction: Rethinking Democratization and Election Observation J.Abbink PART I: THE CONTEXT OF ELECTIONS IN AFRICA Democratization in Africa: The Role of Election Observation

The Rise of Election Monitoring: The Observers Observed

Thomas Carothers is director of research at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He has participated in election-observation missions in various parts of the world for the National

Voting for Autocracy: Hegemonic Party Survival and its Demise in Mexico

1. Equilibrium party hegemony 2. Structural determinants of mass support 3. Budget cycles under autocracy 4. The politics of vote-buying 5. Judging economic performance in hard times 6. Ideological

Conditioning the Effects of Aid: Cold War Politics, Donor Credibility, and Democracy in Africa

The effect of foreign aid on regime type in recipient countries remains widely debated. In this research note, I argue that a recent focus on “moral hazard” has distracted attention from another

Stuffing the Ballot Box: Fraud, Electoral Reform, and Democratization in Costa Rica

List of tables and figures Preface Introduction 1. Electoral fraud during indirect and public elections, 1901-12 2. Institutional change, electoral cycles, and partisanship, 1910-14 3. Electoral