In the Service of Order: The Portuguese Political Police and the British, German and Spanish Intelligence, 1932-1945

  title={In the Service of Order: The Portuguese Political Police and the British, German and Spanish Intelligence, 1932-1945},
  author={Douglas Lanphier Wheeler},
  journal={Journal of Contemporary History},
  pages={1 - 25}
  • D. L. Wheeler
  • Published 1 January 1983
  • Art
  • Journal of Contemporary History
'How conspicuous the secret PIDE men are! They all have the same kind of uniform which betrays them upon sight: the same overcoat in summer and winter, the back deformed by the heavy shape of firearms, which such men always wear upon their hips, hat brims pulled over one eye, as in the best tradition of the cinema except that these are real-life gangsters. . .' Alvaro Lins (Brazilian Ambassador to Portugal), in Missao etii Portugal (Rio de Janeiro 1960), 217. 
5 Citations
Violence and Colonial Order: Police, Workers and Protest in the European Colonial Empires, 1918-1940
Introduction: police, labour and colonial violence Part I. Ideas and Practices: 1. Colonial policing: a discursive framework 2. 'What did you do in the colonial police force, daddy?' Policing
The Political History of Twentieth-Century Portugal
The political history of twentieth-century Portugal has recently become the focus of intense research by historians of that country. This article attempts both to summarise the political developments
The Limits of Authoritarian Rule at the Periphery: The PIDE, the American Airbase, and Social Control on Terceira Island, Azores, 1954–1962
Abstract:In 1954, the Portuguese political police (Polícia Internacional e da Defesa do Estado: PIDE) created posts in the Azores island of Terceira, with a view to detecting activists against the
  • V. Pereira
  • La dictature de Salazar face à l’émigration
  • 2012


Reflections and Recollections
TEN GOLDEN RULES Written in the scrapbook of a young conductor (Ca. 1925) 1. Remember that you do not make music for your own amusement, but for the pleasure of your audience. 2. Do not perspire when
Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros, Lisbon (Library and Archives of Portugal’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Repartição Negócios Politicos, Volfrâmio files
  • 1939
Britain’s Security Service Operations 1910-1945 (London
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Archiv des Auswártigen Amts
  • Akten aus dem Politischen, Records of German Legation
Um Documento Inédito De Henrique Galvão (Lisbon 1975), 29ff.; Fernando Luso Soares, op. cit. note 14; Mário Soares, Portugal's Struggle for Liberty
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The Germans remained able to maintain contacts in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs who regularly provided them with information, even after the decree-law of 7 June 1943 which penalized espionage
  • 1943
), Dicionário De Hist&oacute
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Scores of sources could be cited. It will suffice here to cite: Martins, op. cit. note 5, 'Reporter Sombra', Dossier P.I.D.E. Os Horrores E Crimes De Uma 'Pol&iacute
  • Personal interview with Colonel John G. Beevor
  • 1974
Record Group 226, Records of Office of Strategic Services, Intelligence Report, Naval Intelligence Division, 26546, US Naval Attach&eacute
  • Archives, Record Group 226, Naval Intelligence Report on PVDE, op. cit. note 8, 2. 10. Nigel West, MI5
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