In the Crossfire or the Crosshairs? Norms, Civilian Casualties, and U.S. Conduct in Iraq

  title={In the Crossfire or the Crosshairs? Norms, Civilian Casualties, and U.S. Conduct in Iraq},
  author={Colin H. Kahl},
  journal={International Security},
  • Colin H. Kahl
  • Published 26 June 2007
  • Political Science
  • International Security
The belief that U.S. forces regularly violate the norm of noncombatant immunity (i.e., the notion that civilians should not be targeted or disproportionately harmed during hostilities) has been widely held since the outset of the Iraq War. Yet the evidence suggests that the U.S. military has done a better job of respecting noncombatant immunity in Iraq than is commonly thought. It also suggests that compliance has improved over time as the military has adjusted its behavior in response to real… 
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