In situ visualisation of electromigration in Pt nanobridges at elevated temperatures.

Abstract

We used a combination of in situ TEM, a MEMS-based heater as a substrate and a dedicated biasing sample holder to study the temperature dependence of electromigration in Pt nanobridges (500 nm wide, 15 nm high and 1000 nm long). We visualised changes in the nanobridges under both dynamic conditions, i.e. heating (substrate temperatures up to 660 K) and current passage. Our electromigration experiments at various substrate temperatures (100, 300, 420 and 660 K) show the same tendency: material transport occurs from the cathode to the anode side, which can be explained by the electron-wind force. In all cases the bridge breaks due to the formation of a neck closer to the cathode side. At 300, 420 and 660 K, voids and the neck form at the cathode contact pad simultaneously. The higher the temperature, the bigger the voids size. As expected, at higher temperatures a lower power is needed to break the nanobridge.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ultramic.2015.06.017

Cite this paper

@article{Kozlova2015InSV, title={In situ visualisation of electromigration in Pt nanobridges at elevated temperatures.}, author={Tatiana Kozlova and H. W. Zandbergen}, journal={Ultramicroscopy}, year={2015}, volume={158}, pages={74-80} }