In search of an imaginary enemy: Catholic collective narcissism and the endorsement of gender conspiracy beliefs

  title={In search of an imaginary enemy: Catholic collective narcissism and the endorsement of gender conspiracy beliefs},
  author={Marta Marchlewska and Aleksandra Cichocka and Filip Łozowski and Paulina G{\'o}rska and Mikolaj Winiewski},
  journal={The Journal of Social Psychology},
  pages={766 - 779}
ABSTRACT Gender studies have often been criticized for undermining family and religious values. In this paper, we argue that these criticisms exhibit the characteristics of conspiracy theories. We define gender conspiracy beliefs as convictions that gender studies and gender-equality activists represent an ideology secretly designed to harm traditional values and social arrangements. In two studies conducted among Catholics in Poland (Study 1 N= 1019; Study 2 N= 223), we examined the prevalence… 

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