In-Water Cleaning and Capture to Remove Ship Biofouling: An Initial Evaluation of Efficacy and Environmental Safety

  title={In-Water Cleaning and Capture to Remove Ship Biofouling: An Initial Evaluation of Efficacy and Environmental Safety},
  author={Mario N. Tamburri and Ian C Davidson and Matthew R. First and Chris Scianni and Katherine Newcomer and Graeme J. Inglis and Eugene T. Georgiades and Janet M. Barnes and Gregory M. Ruiz},
  booktitle={Frontiers in Marine Science},
Biofouling is a long-standing challenge for ships because it can interfere with operations and increases vessel drag, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. More recently, ship biofouling has also been recognized as a leading vector for global transfers and introductions of marine non-indigenous species. Ship in-water cleaning and capture (IWCC) systems, to remove and collect macrofouling organisms and associated antifouling coating compounds, are now becoming available as a possible solution… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Technical Considerations for Development of Policy and Approvals for In-Water Cleaning of Ship Biofouling
Submerged ship surfaces are often inhabited by diverse sessile and sedentary marine organisms, which can directly impact vessel operations and increase the likelihood of non-indigenous species (NIS)
Managing Biofouling on Submerged Static Artificial Structures in the Marine Environment – Assessment of Current and Emerging Approaches
The number, extent, diversity, and global reach of submerged static artificial structures (SSAS) in the marine environment is increasing. These structures are prone to the accumulation of biofouling
The Role of Vessel Biofouling in the Translocation of Marine Pathogens: Management Considerations and Challenges
Vessel biofouling is a major pathway for the introduction, establishment, and subsequent spread of marine non-indigenous macro-organisms. As a result, national and international regulations and
Temporal trends of the bioinvasion risk through ballast water: a case study in the Maranhão harbor (Brazil)
The risk assessment analysis was sensitive to a decadal shift in the ROR and ten regions were found to impose a higher risk to Maranhao, including Indo-Pacific and the Arabian Sea, which reached a high-risk level in 2019.
Considering Commercial Vessels as Potential Vectors of Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease
Stony coral tissue loss disease (SCTLD) is a troubling new disease that is spreading rapidly across the greater Caribbean region, but the etiological agent(s) and the mechanisms(s) of spread are both
Automating the assessment of biofouling in images using expert agreement as a gold standard
Deep learning is applied to automate the classification of images from in-water inspections to identify the presence and severity of fouling, demonstrating that automated analysis of biofouling in images is feasible and effective using this method.
Experimental Analysis of Survival and Recovery of Ship Fouling Mussels During Transit Between Marine and Freshwaters
Ships and boats may transport whole communities of non-indigenous species (NIS) through hull biofouling, some members of which may become invasive. Several studies have evaluated the diversity of


Vessel In-Water Cleaning or Treatment: Identification of Environmental Risks and Science Needs for Evidence-Based Decision Making
The accumulation of aquatic organisms on the wetted surfaces of vessels (i.e., vessel biofouling) negatively impacts world-wide shipping through reductions in vessel performance and fuel efficiency,
Mini-review: Assessing the drivers of ship biofouling management – aligning industry and biosecurity goals
This mini-review examines the approach to assessments of ship biofouling among sectors (industry, biosecurity and marine science) and the implications for existing and emerging management of bioFouling.
Vessel Biofouling Prevention and Management Options Report
Abstract : This report assesses the state of technology and regulatory initiatives relating to in-water hull cleaning of vessels for biofouling remediation. Biofouling is a significant transport
Antifouling strategies: history and regulation, ecological impacts and mitigation.
This review synthesises existing information regarding the ecological impact of biocides in a wide range of organisms and highlights directions for the management of antifouling paints.
Biofouling in water systems – cases, causes and countermeasures
  • H. Flemming
  • Biology, Medicine
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • 2002
An integrated approach is suggested which includes the analysis of the fouling situation, a selection of suitable components from the anti-fouling menu and an effective and representative monitoring of biofilm development.
The role of containerships as transfer mechanisms of marine biofouling species
Comparisons with previous studies suggest that the accumulation of fouling on containerships may be lower than on other ship types (eg bulkers and general cargo vessels), but more data is needed to determine the hierarchy of factors contributing to differences in the extent of macrofouling and non-native species vector risks within the commercial fleet.
Economic impact of biofouling on a naval surface ship
The results of this study provide guidance as to the amount of money that can be reasonably spent for research, development, acquisition, and implementation of new technologies or management strategies to combat hull fouling.
The use of proactive in-water grooming to improve the performance of ship hull antifouling coatings
This study investigated the feasibility of applying light cleaning to maintain four surfaces free from fouling and demonstrated that frequent grooming can have prolonged, positive effects on the AF performance of coatings.
Controlling Marine Fouling with Antifouling Paints and Underwater Hull Cleaning
trolling marine fouling on ships’ hulls has been considered essential since the earliest days of marine transport. It has been estimated that without any attempt to control fouling, shipping would
Interrupting a multi-species bioinvasion vector: the efficacy of in-water cleaning for removing biofouling on obsolete vessels.
This study was the first to examine the efficacy of in-water scrubbing using a submersible cleaning and maintenance platform (SCAMP) to prevent invertebrate species transfers from a heavily fouled obsolete vessel.