In-Water Cleaning and Capture to Remove Ship Biofouling: An Initial Evaluation of Efficacy and Environmental Safety

  title={In-Water Cleaning and Capture to Remove Ship Biofouling: An Initial Evaluation of Efficacy and Environmental Safety},
  author={Mario N. Tamburri and Ian C Davidson and Matthew R. First and Chris Scianni and Katherine Newcomer and Graeme J. Inglis and Eugene T. Georgiades and Janet M. Barnes and Gregory M. Ruiz},
  booktitle={Frontiers in Marine Science},
Biofouling is a long-standing challenge for ships because it can interfere with operations and increases vessel drag, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. More recently, ship biofouling has also been recognized as a leading vector for global transfers and introductions of marine non-indigenous species. Ship in-water cleaning and capture (IWCC) systems, to remove and collect macrofouling organisms and associated antifouling coating compounds, are now becoming available as a possible solution… 

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