In Situ Measurements of Strains in Composite Battery Electrodes during Electrochemical Cycling

Abstract

The cyclic stress in lithium-ion battery electrodes induced by repeated charge and discharge cycles causes electrode degradation and fracture, resulting in reduced battery performance and lifetime. To investigate electrode mechanics as a function of electrochemical cycling, we utilize digital image correlation (DIC) to measure the strains that develop in lithium-ion battery electrodes during lithiation and delithiation processes. A composite graphite electrode is cycled galvanostatically (with constant current) in a custom battery cell while optical images of the electrode surface are captured in situ. The strain in the electrode is computed using an in-house DIC code. On average, an unconstrained composite graphite electrode expands 1.41 % during lithiation and contracts 1.33 % during delithiation. These strain values compare favorably with predictions based on the elastic properties of the composite E.M.C. Jones Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 405 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801, USA M.N. Silberstein Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 405 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801, USA S.R. White Department of Aerospace Engineering, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, 405 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801, USA N.R. Sottos ( ) Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, 405 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801, USA e-mail: n-sottos@uiuc.edu electrode and the expansion of graphite-lithium intercalation compounds (G-LICs). The establishment of this experimental protocol will enable future studies of the relationship between electrode mechanics and battery performance.

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@inproceedings{Jones2014InSM, title={In Situ Measurements of Strains in Composite Battery Electrodes during Electrochemical Cycling}, author={Elizabeth M C Jones and Meredith N. Silberstein and Scott R. White and Nancy R. Sottos}, year={2014} }