In Situ Interfacial Mass Detection with Piezoelectric Transducers

@article{Ward1990InSI,
  title={In Situ Interfacial Mass Detection with Piezoelectric Transducers},
  author={M. Ward and D. Buttry},
  journal={Science},
  year={1990},
  volume={249},
  pages={1000 - 1007}
}
The converse piezoelectric effect, in which an electric field applied across a piezoelectric material induces a stress in that material, has spurred many recent developments in mass measurement techniques. These methods commonly rely on the changes in the vibrational resonant frequency of piezoelectric quartz oscillators that result from changes in mass on the surface of the oscillator. The dependence of frequency on mass has been exploited extensively for mass measurements in vacuum or gas… Expand
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