In Situ Denitrification in Saturated Riparian Buffers.

@article{Groh2019InSD,
  title={In Situ Denitrification in Saturated Riparian Buffers.},
  author={Tyler A Groh and Morgan P. Davis and Thomas M. Isenhart and Dan B. Jaynes and Timothy B. Parkin},
  journal={Journal of environmental quality},
  year={2019},
  volume={48 2},
  pages={
          376-384
        }
}
Excess NO leaching from the agricultural Midwest via tile drainage water has contributed to both local drinking water and national Gulf of Mexico benthic hypoxia concerns. Both in-field and edge-of-field practices have been designed to help mitigate NO flux to surface waters. Edge-of-field practices focus on maximizing microbial denitrification, the conversion of NO to N gas. This study assessed denitrification rates from two saturated riparian buffers (SRBs) for 2 yr and a third SRB for 1 yr… 

Nitrate removal in both traditional and saturated riparian buffers

Nitrate leaching from Midwestern agricultural fields is an important environmental issue, as this nitrate can enter streams and cause local drinking water issues as well as increase the size of the

Performance of Saturated Riparian Buffers in Iowa, USA.

TLDR
Results showed that all the SRBs were effective in removing NO from the tile outlet, with the average annual NO load removal ranging from 13 to 179 kg N for drainage areas ranging from 3.4 to 40.5 ha.

Improving the effectiveness of saturated riparian buffers for removing nitrate from subsurface drainage.

TLDR
An approach to improve the design of SRBs is proposed by analyzing a tradeoff in choosing the SRB width, and it is applied to six sites with existing SRBs in central Iowa.

Improving the design of saturated riparian buffers for removing nitrate from subsurface drainage

In the U.S. Midwest, agricultural subsurface drainage, or tile, is commonly used to improve crop production; however, because nitrate is easily leached, tile drainage typically has high nitrate

Quantifying the effectiveness of a saturated buffer to reduce tile NO3-N concentrations in eastern Iowa

TLDR
This study provided more assurance to new adopters that this practice can be installed in many areas throughout the Midwestern Cornbelt region by reducing NO3-N concentrations in tile drainage water from input concentrations of approximately 15mg/l to levels < 1.5 mg/l at the streamside well locations.

Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Saturated Riparian Buffers: Are We Trading a Water Quality Problem for an Air Quality Problem?

TLDR
Overall, total NO emissions from SRBs were similar to those from traditional buffers and less than those from fertilized corn-soybean agriculture.

Recycling of Nitrate and Organic Matter by Plants in the Vadose Zone of a Saturated Riparian Buffer

In agricultural land-use regions, excess nitrate in the soil contributes to eutrophication and pollution of both surface and subsurface waters. This study examines the role of plant uptake within the

Evaluation of the slope stability of streambanks at saturated riparian buffer sites

Saturated riparian buffers (SRBs) reduce nitrate export from agricultural tile drainage by infusing drainage water into carbon-rich riparian soils where denitrification and plant uptake can occur.

Groundwater nitrate removal in riparian buffer zones: a review of research progress in the past 20 years

  • A. Hill
  • Environmental Science
    Biogeochemistry
  • 2019
This review evaluates research in the past 20 years focusing on groundwater nitrate removal in the riparian zones of agricultural watersheds. Studies have reported a large range in the magnitude of

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Performance of Saturated Riparian Buffers in Iowa, USA.

TLDR
Results showed that all the SRBs were effective in removing NO from the tile outlet, with the average annual NO load removal ranging from 13 to 179 kg N for drainage areas ranging from 3.4 to 40.5 ha.

Shallow groundwater nitrogen and denitrification in a newly afforested, subirrigated riparian buffer

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