In Peer Matters, Teachers Matter: Peer Group Influences on Students’ Engagement Depend on Teacher Involvement

  title={In Peer Matters, Teachers Matter: Peer Group Influences on Students’ Engagement Depend on Teacher Involvement},
  author={Justin William Vollet and Thomas Kindermann and Ellen A. Skinner},
  journal={Journal of Educational Psychology},
This study focused on the joint effects of teachers and peer groups as predictors of change in students’ engagement during the first year of middle school, when the importance of peer relationships normatively increases and the quality of teacher–student relationships typically declines. To explore cumulative and contextualized joint effects, the study utilized 3 sources of information about an entire cohort of 366 sixth graders in a small town: Peer groups were identified using sociocognitive… 

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