In Defense of Case Reports and Case Series

@article{Vandenbroucke2001InDO,
  title={In Defense of Case Reports and Case Series},
  author={Jan Paul Vandenbroucke},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
  year={2001},
  volume={134},
  pages={330-334}
}
Readers of the medical literature wonder whether they should still make time to read case reports and case series. How should they balance this time-honored cornerstone of the medical literature with the demands of modern evidence-based medicine? Case reports and case series have been subject to some serious questioning. It has been said that more often than not, new ideas from case reports are not sustained on further research, that case reports contain misleading elements in clinical… 

Time for a new approach to case reports.

An Overview of Reports on Clinical Case Report

From late 1970s in scientific community there was a tendency to see the case report as least important and a 'second class' publication, so the authors tried to find out how 'fertile seeds' were cultivated and valued by the scientific community.

Tips and tricks to make case report.

  • I. Alwi
  • Medicine
    Acta medica Indonesiana
  • 2007
Keep in mind the basic reason for writing a case report: namely, that it should have a message for the reader, and then select a journal whose readership will include the target audience.

The dilemma of the editors: Should or should not the case report be accepted for publication?

Case reports are useful in two aspects of medicine: on one hand, they are a way to draw physicians’ attention on new diseases, and on the other, their role in education and quality control is undeniable.

Case reports in respiratory care.

The essential components of a case report, important issues of patient confidentiality, and how authorship should be determined are discussed, and 10 common pitfalls in case report writing are described.

Publication of case reports: Is consent required?

Case reports in medicine are fundamentally individual patient stories generally describing unique or unexpected findings in terms of disease or treatment, and standards have been evolving in law and ethics such that consent should now be viewed as mandatory.

When N = 1: the role of the case report.

The role of a case report in an evidence-based world is that it should motivate the reader to gather more evidence, and case reports should be published when they meet at least 1 of 4 criteria.

Why should medical editors CARE about case reports?

The role of case reports has outgrown its primary purpose; in its beginnings, case reports were intended to identify clinical novelty, afterwards authors used them as a means to alert about adverse reactions and highlight innovations, while today they play a significant role in medical education and help emphasize ethical predicaments.

Using Cases to Establish Novel Diagnoses: Creating Generic Facts by Making Particular Facts Travel Together

In contemporary medicine, cases may offer what is considered to be fairly definitive evidence in modern scientific terms, especially, for instance, with regard to unusual or unexpected occurrences such as adverse drug reactions.

The context is the ‘news’ in healthcare improvement case reports

  • D. Stevens
  • Medicine
    Quality and Safety in Health Care
  • 2010
If crafted too broadly, it runs the risk of backsliding from efforts to bring order to the heterogeneity in quality improvement implementation reports, and a narrowed definition could enhance signal and reduce noise in the expanding scholarly literature.
...

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The case report is as necessary as ever for the progress of medical science and the practice of medicine, and confrontation with the evidence-based medicine movement has taught us its proper role.

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