Impulse penetration into idealized granular beds: behavior of cumulative surface kinetic energy.

We report a particle dynamics based simulational study of the propagation of delta function mechanical impulses in idealized three-dimensional hexagonal close packed lattices of monosized Hertz spheres. This paper presents five key results on the kinetic energy of grains at the surface of a granular bed after the generation of a normal impulse into the bed… CONTINUE READING