Improvement of blood loss volume estimation by paramedics using a pictorial nomogram: A developmental study.


INTRODUCTION To propose and evaluate a nomogram to assist paramedics to visually estimate the external blood loss on a non-absorbent surface and to identify whether the nomogram improves visual estimation. METHODS The study was a prospective, paired-control design (pre-training control group & post-training group), utilizing Emergency Medical Assistant… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.injury.2017.10.045


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