Improvement of TRAM flap viability using human VEGF-induced angiogenesis: a comparative study of delay techniques.

@article{Seify2003ImprovementOT,
  title={Improvement of TRAM flap viability using human VEGF-induced angiogenesis: a comparative study of delay techniques.},
  author={Hisham Seify and Ufuk Bilkay and Glyn E Jones},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={2003},
  volume={112 4},
  pages={1032-9}
}
Despite the success with transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap breast reconstruction, ischemia-related complications, including fat necrosis and partial flap loss, continue to occur in 5 to 28 percent of reported series. The associated vascular problems of the TRAM flap stimulated several authors to study the effect of surgical delay, aiming to improve the viability of the flap. The present study investigated the potential effect of human vascular endothelial growth factor… CONTINUE READING
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