Improved technique to diagnose a patent foramen ovale during left ventricular assist device insertion.

@article{Majd2006ImprovedTT,
  title={Improved technique to diagnose a patent foramen ovale during left ventricular assist device insertion.},
  author={Rana E Majd and Minoo N. Kavarana and Michael J. Bouvette and Robert D. Dowling},
  journal={The Annals of thoracic surgery},
  year={2006},
  volume={82 5},
  pages={
          1917-8
        }
}
Diagnosis of a patent foramen ovale prior to left ventricular assist device placement can be quite difficult, and if missed may result in a significant hypoxemia due to a right to left shunt. We describe a simple and precise way to increase the diagnostic accuracy of patent foramen ovale detection prior to initiating cardiopulmonary bypass for left ventricular assist device placement. 
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