Imposex in pre-pollution times. Is TBT to blame?

Abstract

More than 35 years ago, anomalous male traits in females of a gastropod species were reported as an expression of environmentally controlled sexual development (Blaber, 1970). This form of pseudohermaphroditism (Jenner, 1979) became famous as ‘imposex’ (Smith, 1971). It consists in a hormonal imbalance superimposing male characters, namely penis and vas… (More)

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