Imposex in Hexaplex trunculus at Some Sites on the North Mediterranean Coast as a Base-Line for Future Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Total Ban on Organotin based Antifouling Paints

@article{Garaventa2005ImposexIH,
  title={Imposex in Hexaplex trunculus at Some Sites on the North Mediterranean Coast as a Base-Line for Future Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Total Ban on Organotin based Antifouling Paints},
  author={Francesca Garaventa and Francesca Pellizzato and Marco Faimali and Antonio Terlizzi and Davorin Medakovi{\'c} and Salvatore Geraci and Bruno Pavoni},
  journal={Hydrobiologia},
  year={2005},
  volume={555},
  pages={281-287}
}
Imposex – the superimposition of male sexual organs (penis and vas deferens) onto female Neogastropods such as Hexaplex trunculus (Linné, 1758) – is used world-wide as a biomarker of ecological impact of organotin based antifouling biocides (TBT and TPhT). To limit the impact of organotin pollution, since January 1, 2003, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has enacted a global ban on the use of organotin compounds in antifouling systems. It is important to record imposex levels and… CONTINUE READING

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