Important wheelchair skills for new manual wheelchair users: health care professional and wheelchair user perspectives

  title={Important wheelchair skills for new manual wheelchair users: health care professional and wheelchair user perspectives},
  author={Kerri A. Morgan and Jack R. Engsberg and David B. Gray},
  journal={Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology},
  pages={28 - 38}
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this project was to identify wheelchair skills currently being taught to new manual wheelchair users, identify areas of importance for manual wheelchair skills' training during initial rehabilitation, identify similarities and differences between the perspectives of health care professionals and manual wheelchair users and use the ICF to organize themes related to rehabilitation and learning how to use a manual wheelchair. Method: Focus groups were conducted… 

Development of “My Wheelchair Guide” app: a qualitative study

The app section “Use a Wheelchair” was perceived to be a useful and easy-to-use educational tool by most of the study participants and was perceived beneficial by both wheelchair users and clinical professionals.

A motor learning approach to training wheelchair propulsion biomechanics for new manual wheelchair users: A pilot study

The results of this study show that repetition-based training can improve biomechanics and propulsion patterns for new manual wheelchair users.

Perspectives of inpatient rehabilitation clinicians on the state of manual wheelchair training: a qualitative analysis.

Clinician input gathered from these interviews provides information for how to best integrate M WC training programmes into the rehabilitative process and may inform the development and assessment of more clinically feasible MWC training protocols.

Understanding independent wheelchair transfers. Perspectives from stakeholders

Personal experiences, needs and concerns of wheelchair users in relation to wheelchair transfers performed in their everyday lives are investigated to investigate the importance and complexity of wheelchair transfers.

Determinants of physical activity in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury or lower limb amputation: perspectives of rehabilitation professionals and wheelchair users

Important, changeable determinants of physical activity reported by wheelchair users and rehabilitation professionals are: balance in daily life leading to more time and energy to exercise, attitude towards physical activity, professional guidance, accessibility of facilities, and social support.

Drivkraft: A description of the intensive wheelchair training method and its evidence base

The Drivkraft method is an intensive training program in which not only wheelchair skills are trained, but the wheelchair will also be adapted to a participant’s physical measurements and capabilities, and participants will also learn relevant theory about the wheelchair.

Association between individual wheelchair skills and fitness in community-dwelling manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injuries.

This study provides a comprehensive list of wheelchair skills that are associated with fitness that can be directly applied to guide further research and practice promoting community participation among persons with SCI.

Wheelchair Skills Education and Training for Children with Spina Bifida and/or Hydrocephalus and Their Parents: A Pilot Study

The pilot program to pilot wheelchair skills training for children aged 3–8 years with spina bifida and/or hydrocephalus and their parents was a success, highlighting potential gaps in Irish wheelchair provision services and the need for wheelchair skills education and training to support parents and children.



A systematic review of wheelchair skills tests for manual wheelchair users with a spinal cord injury: towards a standardized outcome measure

This systematic review revealed large inconsistencies among the current available wheelchair skill tests, which makes it difficult to compare study results and to create norms and standards for wheelchair skill performance.

Measuring wheelchair intervention outcomes: Development of the Wheelchair Outcome Measure

The new outcome instrument will allow clients to identify and evaluate the outcomes they wish to achieve with their wheelchairs and seating and provide clinicians a way to quantify outcomes of their interventions in a way that is meaningful to the client and potential funding sources.

Effectiveness of a wheelchair skills training programme for community-living users of manual wheelchairs in Turkey: a randomized controlled trial

Community-living wheelchair users who received wheelchair skills training increased their total performance and safety scores to a greater extent than a control group.

A description of manual wheelchair skills training curriculum in entry-to-practice occupational and physical therapy programs in Canada

There is little use of the validated wheelchair skills program in entry-to-practice curriculum in Canada, and there is evidence for a standardized approach for providing wheelchair skills training, that may be administered through curriculum, online or through post-graduate training modules.

Patterns in Wheeled Mobility Skills Training, Equipment Evaluation, and Utilization: Findings from the SCIRehab Project

Variation in type and frequency of WC training provided by level of SCI and in types of WC prescribed use provides a foundation for future research to relate treatment modalities with functional and participation outcomes.

Wheelchair skills tests: a systematic review

The skill most frequently included was wheelchair propulsion, consecutively followed by transferring, negotiating kerbs, ascending slopes, traversing tracks, sprinting and performing a wheelie, which was the three most frequently used outcome parameters.


Education and training are key components of any rehabilitation program. While such services are ideally delivered in person, cost, time and travel demands often prevent clinicians from offering this

The Wheelchair Skills Test: a pilot study of a new outcome measure.

The WST is practical, safe, well tolerated, exhibits good to excellent reliability, excellent content validity, fair construct and concurrent validity, and moderate usefulness and makes an important contribution toward meeting the need for a well-validated outcome measure of manual wheelchair ability.