Importance of cysteine residues for the stability and catalytic activity of human pancreatic beta cell glucokinase.


The low-affinity glucose phosphorylating enzyme glucokinase has the function of a physiological glucose sensor in pancreatic beta cells and in liver. In contrast to the high-affinity hexokinase types I-III glucokinase shows extraordinary sensitivity toward SH group oxidizing compounds. To characterize the function of sulfhydryl groups cysteine residues in… (More)