Importance of Assessing Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Clinical Practice: A Case for Fitness as a Clinical Vital Sign A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

@article{Ross2016ImportanceOA,
  title={Importance of Assessing Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Clinical Practice: A Case for Fitness as a Clinical Vital Sign A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association},
  author={Robert Ross and Steven N. Blair and Ross Arena and Timothy S. Church and Jean-Pierre Despr{\'e}s and Barry A. Franklin and William L. Haskell and Leonard A. Kaminsky and Benjamin D. Levine and Carl J. Lavie and Jonathan Myers and Josef Niebauer and Robert Sallis and Susumu S. Sawada and Xuemei Sui and Ulrik Wisl{\o}ff},
  journal={Circulation},
  year={2016},
  volume={134},
  pages={e653–e699}
}
Mounting evidence has firmly established that low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality, and mortality rates attributable to various cancers. A growing body of epidemiological and clinical evidence demonstrates not only that CRF is a potentially stronger predictor of mortality than established risk factors such as smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but that the addition of CRF… 

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