Implicit Theories of Interest: Finding Your Passion or Developing It?

  title={Implicit Theories of Interest: Finding Your Passion or Developing It?},
  author={Paul A. O’Keefe and C S Dweck and Gregory M. Walton},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={1653 - 1664}
People are often told to find their passion, as though passions and interests are preformed and must simply be discovered. This idea, however, has hidden motivational implications. Five studies examined implicit theories of interest—the idea that personal interests are relatively fixed (fixed theory) or developed (growth theory). Whether assessed or experimentally induced, a fixed theory was more likely to dampen interest in areas outside people’s existing interests (Studies 1–3). Individuals… 

Figures from this paper

Fanning the Flames of Passion: A Develop Mindset Predicts Strategy-Use Intentions to Cultivate Passion

The more strongly students endorsed a develop mindset, the more of these “cultivation strategies” they reported using, and in turn, the larger their increase in reported passion toward their subject majors.

The Dynamic Nature of Interest: Embedding Interest Within Self-Regulation

When thinking about how people sustain motivation over the longer term, even for an important activity, their experience during the activity (not just why they started doing it) matters. Thus, we

Can You Develop New Interests? an Improved Instrument for Measuring Implicit Theories of Interest Development

  • E. Jahner
  • Psychology
    Frontiers in Education
  • 2021
O’Keefe et al. (2018) did not sufficiently narrow the implicit theory-of-interest development to accurately address the targeted domain: potential development of an entirely new interest. This was

Evaluating the validity of Myers-Briggs Type Indicator theory: A teaching tool and window into intuitive psychology

Soc Personal Psychol Compass. 2019;e12434. w Abstract Despite its immense popularity and impressive longevity, the Myers‐Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) has existed in

Are Positive Interventions Always Beneficial?

It is postulate that understanding the underlying processes discovered in the science of persuasion is the key for specifying why, when, and for whom these practical initiatives are more likely to work or to backfire.

Passion matters but not equally everywhere: Predicting achievement from interest, enjoyment, and efficacy in 59 societies

It is suggested that in addition to passion, achievement may be fueled by striving to realize connectedness and meet family expectations and the need to understand and develop measures for the multiple sources and forms of motivation that support achievement.

When It’s More Difficult, I Just Cram More! An Exploratory Interview Study on Students’ Mindsets in Physics

In the US, Dweck’s research has shown that learners’ beliefs about their own capability are crucial for the learning success of children and adolescents. Two ends of this spectrum can be identified:

Changing Students’ Beliefs About Learning Can Unveil Their Potential

Too often, students fall short of their potential. Although structural and cognitive factors can contribute to this underperformance, how students subjectively construe themselves and their

Entrepreneurial Passion: A Review, Synthesis, and Agenda for Future Research

The present study undertakes a comprehensive and critical review of the body of empirical work on entrepreneurial passion. In particular, we document how the “first generation” of research on



Finding a Fit or Developing It

This research extends implicit theory scholarship to the work domain and provides a framework that can fruitfully inform career advising, life coaching, mentorship, and employment policies.

The Multifaceted Role of Interest in Motivation and Engagement

In this chapter, we review research demonstrating the role of interest in motivation and engagement. First, we discuss the psychological experience of interest, examining how attention and affect

Children's implicit personality theories as predictors of their social judgments.

Differences in the social judgment processes of entity and incremental theorists are discussed, and implications for issues (such as stereotyping) are explored.

Implicit Theories and Their Role in Judgments and Reactions: A Word From Two Perspectives

In this target article, we present evidence for a new model of individual differences in judgments and reactions. The model holds that people's implicit theories about human attributes structure the

Mindsets and Self-Evaluation: How beliefs about Intelligence can create a Preference for Growth over Defensiveness

Th e purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate how implicit theories of intelligence ( Dweck, 1999 ; Dweck & Leggett, 1988) invoke distinct self-evaluative motives that refl ect or create a

Implicit self-theories of shyness.

  • J. Beer
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 2002
It is indicated that implicit self-theories of shyness are important for understanding individual differences among shy people and suggest new avenues for implicitSelf-Theories research.

Measuring Situational Interest in Academic Domains

Three studies were conducted to develop and validate scores on a new measure appropriate for assessing adolescents’ situational interest (SI) across various academic settings. In Study 1 (n = 858), a

Implicit theories of relationships: Assessment and prediction of romantic relationship initiation, coping, and longevity.

Belief in romantic destiny holds that potential relationship partners are either meant for each other or they are not. As hypothesized, a longitudinal study of romantic relationships revealed that

Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.

People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the 2. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very

Evaluating the Domain Specificity of Mental Health–Related Mind-Sets

Mind-sets are beliefs regarding the malleability of self-attributes. Research suggests they are domain-specific, meaning that individuals can hold a fixed (immutability) mind-set about one attribute