Implicit Power Motivation Moderates Men's Testosterone Responses to Imagined and Real Dominance Success

@article{Schultheiss1999ImplicitPM,
  title={Implicit Power Motivation Moderates Men's Testosterone Responses to Imagined and Real Dominance Success},
  author={Oliver C. Schultheiss and Kenneth L. Campbell and David C. Mcclelland},
  journal={Hormones and Behavior},
  year={1999},
  volume={36},
  pages={234-241}
}
This study tested the hypothesis that implicit power motivation moderates individuals' testosterone responses to the anticipated success in and actual outcome of a dominance contest. Salivary testosterone levels were assessed in 42 male students at the beginning of the study, after they had imagined a success in an ensuing power contest, and immediately after the contest had taken place. Contest outcome (winning or losing against a competitor on a speed-based task) was varied experimentally… 

Implicit Power Motivation Predicts Men's Testosterone Changes and Implicit Learning in a Contest Situation

The hypothesis that implicit power motivation moderates men's testosterone responses to victory or defeat in a contest situation is tested and there was statistical evidence that in winners testosterone increases mediated the effect of power motivation on implicit learning.

Effects of implicit power motivation on men's and women's implicit learning and testosterone changes after social victory or defeat.

Examination of interactions of implicit power motivation and experimentally varied victory or defeat in a contest on implicit learning of a visuomotor sequence associated with the contest outcome and changes in testosterone and self-reported affect found that in men and women, power motivation predicted enhanced learning after a victory and impairedlearning after a defeat.

Self-Construal Moderates Testosterone Reactivity To Competitive Outcomes

SELF-CONSTRUAL MODERATES TESTOSTERONE REACTIVITY TO COMPETITIVE OUTCOMES by KEITH WELKER August 2014 Advisor: Dr. Richard B. Slatcher Major: Psychology (Social) Degree: Doctor of Philosophy Previous

The hormonal correlates of implicit power motivation.

Competition, Power, and Testosterone: How Winning and Losing Affect Men's Empathic Accuracy and Aggression

This thesis investigates the effects of winning and losing on men’s testosterone and how these hormonal changes impact their emotion recognition ability or ‘empathic accuracy’ (Study 1) and their

Endocrine and aggressive responses to competition are moderated by contest outcome, gender, individual versus team competition, and implicit motives

While situational and gender factors play a role in hormonal responses to competition, they also depend on their interplay with motivational factors, suggesting that while aggression is strongly affected by situational factors in the context of a competition, it has no direct association with motivational and hormonal correlates of dominance.

Taking risks for personal gain: An investigation of self-construal and testosterone responses to competition

Investigation of the association between testosterone reactivity to competitive outcomes and risk-taking in the context of a video game based competition and whether self-construal moderated this relationship indicated that a rise in testosterone during competition did not predict subsequent risk- taking behavior.

A Mental Winner Effect? Competitive Mental Imagery Impacts Self-Assurance but not Testosterone in Women

In humans and other species, winning or losing a competition elicits changes in testosterone that may influence engagement or performance in subsequent competitive events. Furthermore, anticipating

Testosterone responses to competition predict future aggressive behaviour at a cost to reward in men

...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES

Hormonal response to competition in human males

Changes in testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) were evaluated in males competing in a non-athletic laboratory reaction time task. Subjects were randomly assigned to “win” or “lose” by adjusting

Testosterone, Cortisol, and Mood in a Sports Team Competition

The results indicate that in a real, highly competitive situation, T changes are not directly a response to the outcome, but rather to the contribution the individual makes to it and to the causes he attributes.

Hormones, Sex, and Status in Women

In this study of coresidential college women, androgens and estradiol were positively correlated with high self-regard in women and with infrequent smiling, a behavior that has been associated with dominance in previous studies.

Wishes, motives, goals, and personal memories: relations of measures of human motivation.

  • L. King
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality
  • 1995
Although overall correlations did emerge among explicit measures within the same motive, there were numerous correlations among methodologically similar measures of different motives; in general, explicit measures did not correlate with thematic measures of the same motives.

Motives and Values to Achieve: Different Constructs With Different Effects

Motives to achieve and values associated with achievement were conceptualized as distinct and independent personality constructs, one nonconscious, the other conscious, each predictive of a different

The association between testosterone and aggression among young men: Empirical findings and a meta-analysis

An empirical study investigated the association between testosterone and aggression in a sample of young male medical students: 101 volunteers completed the Aggression Questionnaire [Buss et al,

The effects of hormones, Type A behavior pattern, and provocation on aggression in men

Thirty-eight male college students, classified as either Type A or Type B based on their Jenkins Activity Survey (JAS-T) scores, competed in a reaction time task that allowed them to administer
...