Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat, and Women in Philosophy

@inproceedings{Saul2013ImplicitBS,
  title={Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat, and Women in Philosophy},
  author={Jennifer Saul},
  year={2013}
}
  • J. Saul
  • Published 2013
  • Philosophy, Psychology
Chapters in this volume and elsewhere show that the number of women in professional philosophy is much lower than the number of men. However, this does not on its own show that there is a problem to be addressed by philosophers. It could be that women just don’t like (or aren’t good at) the sorts of reasoning philosophers engage in or the sorts of problems philosophers discuss, either as a result of their innate nature or as a result of their socialisation. If either of these is the case, then… 
Pre-College Causes of Women's Underrepresentation in Philosophy
Recent work on women’s underrepresentation in philosophy has focused on a distinction between “in class” and “pre-university” effects as the primary cause of women’s underrepresentation in
Am I a Racist? Implicit Bias and the Ascription of Racism
There is good evidence that many people harbour attitudes that conflict with those they endorse. In the language of social psychology, they seem to have implicit attitudes that conflict with their
Scepticism and Implicit Bias
The goal of this paper is to explore the idea that what we know about implicit bias gives rise to something akin to a new form of scepticism. I am not wedded to the idea that the phenomenon I am
Do men and women have different philosophical intuitions? Further data
To address the underrepresentation of women in philosophy effectively, we must understand the causes of the early loss of women. In this paper we challenge one of the few explanations that has
Power, Pedagogy, and the "Women Problem": Ameliorating Philosophy
Being a member of a minority group makes it harder to succeed in academic philosophy. Research suggests that students from underrepresented groups have a hard time in academic philosophy and often
Women and ‘the philosophical personality’: evaluating whether gender differences in the Cognitive Reflection Test have significance for explaining the gender gap in Philosophy
TLDR
There are a number of reasons for thinking that this would be the wrong conclusion to draw from the research on the gender gap in CRT score: the CRT may not track what it is claimed it tracks, and the trait tracked may not be something that the authors should value in philosophers.
Intuition, gender and the under-representation of women in philosophy
Recently, Wesley Buckwalter and Stephen Stich have argued that there are different gender philosophical intuitions and that these differences may play a role in explaining the marginalization of
Fair Numbers: What Data Can and Cannot Tell Us About the Underrepresentation of Women in Philosophy
The low representation (< 30%) of women in philosophy in englishspeaking countries has generated much discussion, both in academic circles and the public sphere. It is sometimes suggested (Haslanger
The Structure of Bias
What is a bias? Standard philosophical views of both implicit and explicit bias focus this question on the representations one harbours, for example, stereotypes or implicit attitudes, rather than
Experimental Philosophy and the Underrepresentation of Women
Introduction. This paper summarizes recent and ongoing experimental work regarding the reality, nature, effects, and causes of the underrepresentation of women in academic philosophy. We first
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES
Different Voices or Perfect Storm: Why Are There So Few Women in Philosophy?
in this regard? My aim in this paper is not to answer this question but to contrast two different frameworks for addressing it. I call one model “Different Voices” and the other “The Perfect Storm”;
The Undergraduate Pipeline Problem
Taking "musings" to be a literary form that permits less philosophical plot, more sheer speculation, and some personal confession, I intend to muse on the undergraduate pipeline into philosophy.
A Study on the Status of Women Faculty in Science at MIT
TLDR
This report describes the efforts of an extraordinary group of women faculty in the School of Science to understand and ameliorate the long-term effects of discrimination in academia.
Whistling Vivaldi: And Other Clues to How Stereotypes Affect Us
Acclaimed social psychologist Claude M. Steele offers an insider's look at his groundbreaking findings on stereotypes and identity. Through dramatic personal stories, he shares the experiments and
Racial Cognition and the Ethics of Implicit Bias
We first describe recent empirical research on racial cognition, particularly work on implicit racial biases that suggests they are widespread, that they can coexist with explicitly avowed
Fair Measures: A Behavioral Realist Revision of 'Affirmative Action'
New facts recently discovered in the mind and behavioral sciences have the potential to transform both lay and expert conceptions of affirmative action. Drawing on recent findings in implicit social
Knowing Is Half the Battle
TLDR
It is suggested that teaching about stereotype threat might offer a practical means of reducing its detrimental effects in women by improving their performance in a threatening testing situation.
Implicit Social Cognition and Law
Experimental psychology has provided substantial evidence that the human mind can operate in automatic, uncontrollable fashion as well as without conscious awareness of its workings and the sources
Orchestrating Impartiality: The Impact of
TLDR
A change in the way symphony orchestras recruit musicians provides an unusual way to test for sex-biased hiring and it is found that the screen increases by 50% the probability a woman will be advanced out of certain preliminary rounds and enhances the likelihood a female contestant will be the winner in the final round.
...
...