Implications of various effort-sharing approaches for national carbon budgets and emission pathways

  title={Implications of various effort-sharing approaches for national carbon budgets and emission pathways},
  author={Nicole J van den Berg and Heleen L. van Soest and Andries F. Hof and Michel G J den Elzen and Detlef P. van Vuuren and Wenying Chen and Laurent Drouet and Johannes Emmerling and Shinichiro Fujimori and Niklas H{\"o}hne and Alexandre Koberle and David L. McCollum and Roberto Schaeffer and Swapnil Shekhar and Saritha S. Vishwanathan and Zoi Vrontisi and Kornelis Blok},
  journal={Climatic Change},
The bottom-up approach of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in the Paris Agreement has led countries to self-determine their greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets. The planned ‘ratcheting-up’ process, which aims to ensure that the NDCs comply with the overall goal of limiting global average temperature increase to well below 2 °C or even 1.5 °C, will most likely include some evaluation of ‘fairness’ of these reduction targets. In the literature, fairness has been… Expand

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