Implications of Placebo and Nocebo Effects for Clinical Practice: Expert Consensus.

  title={Implications of Placebo and Nocebo Effects for Clinical Practice: Expert Consensus.},
  author={Andrea W M Evers and Luana Colloca and Charlotte Blease and Marco Annoni and Lauren Y. Atlas and Fabrizio Benedetti and Ulrike Bingel and Christian B{\"u}chel and Catarina Carvalho and Ben Colagiuri and Alia J Crum and Paul Enck and Jens Gaab and Andrew L. Geers and Jeremy Howick and Karin Jensen and Irving Kirsch and Karin Meissner and Vitaly Napadow and Kaya J. Peerdeman and Amir Raz and Winfried Rief and Lene Vase and Tor D. Wager and Bruce E. Wampold and Katja Weimer and Katja Wiech and Ted J. Kaptchuk and Regine Klinger and J. Martin Kelley},
  journal={Psychotherapy and psychosomatics},
  volume={87 4},
BACKGROUND Placebo and nocebo effects occur in clinical or laboratory medical contexts after administration of an inert treatment or as part of active treatments and are due to psychobiological mechanisms such as expectancies of the patient. Placebo and nocebo studies have evolved from predominantly methodological research into a far-reaching interdisciplinary field that is unravelling the neurobiological, behavioural and clinical underpinnings of these phenomena in a broad variety of medical… CONTINUE READING
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