Implications for the Origin of GRB 070201 from LIGO Observations

  title={Implications for the Origin of GRB 070201 from LIGO Observations},
  author={B. P. Abbott and Richard J. Abbott and Rana X. Adhikari and Juri Agresti and Parameswaran Ajith and Bruce Allen and Rupal S. Amin and Simon Anderson and Warren G. Anderson and Muzammil A. Arain and M. C. Araya and Helena Armandula and Michael C. B. Ashley and Stuart M. Aston and Peter Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and Stanislav Babak and Stefan W. Ballmer and Hans Bantilan and Barry C. Barish and C. Barker and Daniel H. N. Barker and B. W. Barr and Pablo Jos{\'e} Barriga and Mark Andrew Barton and K. Bayer and J Betzwieser and P. T. Beyersdorf and Biplab Bhawal and I. A. Bilenko and G Billingsley and Rahul Biswas and E. Black and Kent Blackburn and Lindy L. Blackburn and D G Blair and B. Bland and Johanna Bogenstahl and Lauren Bogue and R. G. Bork and Valerio Boschi and Sukanta Bose and P. R. Brady and V. B. Braginsky and J. E. Brau and Marc Brinkmann and A. F. Brooks and D. A. Brown and Amber L. Bullington and Alexander Bunkowski and Alessandra Buonanno and Oliver Burmeister and Daniel Busby and R. L. Byer and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and Jordan B. Camp and John K. Cannizzo and K. C. Cannon and Caroline Cantley and J. Cao and L. C{\'a}rdenas and Giuseppe Castaldi and Carlos Cepeda and E. Chalkley and P R Charlton and Shourov Chatterji and Simon Chelkowski and Y. R. Chen and Francesco Chiadini and Nelson Christensen and James S. Clark and P. Cochrane and Thomas Cokelaer and Robert Lynn Coldwell and Roberto Conte and D. Cook and T. R. Corbitt and D C Coyne and Jolien D. E. Creighton and Rocco P. Croce and David Crooks and A. M. Cruise and Andrew Cumming and J. Dalrymple and Erika D'ambrosio and Karsten Danzmann and G. S. Cabourn Davies and Daniel B. DeBra and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and Masters Degree and Theo Demma and Vladimir Dergachev and Saleem Desai and Riccardo DeSalvo and S. V. Dhurandhar and M. C. D{\'i}az and Jeffrey Dickson and Angela Di Credico and Gustavo R. Diederichs and Alexander Dietz and E. E. Doomes and Ronald W. P. Drever and J-C. Dumas and R'ejean J. Dupuis and John G. Dwyer and Phil Ehrens and E. Espinoza and Todd Etzel and M. Evans and Timothy Evans and Stephen Fairhurst and Y. Fan and Diego Fazi and M. M. Fejer and Lee Samuel Finn and Vincenzo Fiumara and Nickolas V Fotopoulos and Alexander Franzen and Ken Yoshiki Franz{\'e}n and Andreas Freise and R. Frey and T. T. Fricke and P. Fritschel and Valera Frolov and Matthew Fyffe and Vincenzo Galdi and J. A. Garofoli and Iraj Gholami and J. A. Giaime and Stefanos Giampanis and K. D. Giardina and Katuhiko Goda and Evan Goetz and Lisa M. Goggin and Gabriela Gonz{\'a}lez and Stefan Gossler and A. Grant and Slawomir Gras and C. Gray and Madison Gray and Justin Greenhalgh and A M Gretarsson and Ryan Grosso and Hartmut Grote and S. Grunewald and Mathias Guenther and Richard Gustafson and Boris Hage and David Hammer and Chad Hanna and James E. Hanson and Jan Harms and Gregory M. Harry and E. D. Harstad and T. Hayler and J. W. Heefner and Ik Siong Heng and A. W. Heptonstall and Mich{\`e}le Heurs and Martin Hewitson and Stefan Hild and Eiichi Hirose and David C. Hoak and D. J. Hosken and J. Hough and David Hoyland and S. H. Huttner and D. R. Ingram and Edith Innerhofer and M. Ito and Yousuke Itoh and Anton B. Ivanov and Ben Johnson and W. W. Johnson and D. I. Jones and Glenn Jones and R. Jones and Li Ju and Peter Kalmus and Vicky Kalogera and Danuta Kasprzyk and Erotokritos Katsavounidis and Keita Kawabe and Seiji Kawamura and Fumiko Kawazoe and William P. Kells and D. G. Keppel and F. Ya. Khalili and C Kim and Peter King and J S Kissel and Sergei Klimenko and Keiko Kokeyama and V. T. Kondrashov and Ravi kumar Kopparapu and Darby Kozak and Badri Krishnan and Patrick Kwee and Ping Koy Lam and Michael Landry and Brian Lantz and Albert Lazzarini and Ming Lei and Jay J. Leiner and Volker Leonhardt and Isabel B. Leonor and Kenneth George Libbrecht and P. E. Lindquist and N. A. Lockerbie and M. J. Longo and Marc Lormand and M. J. Lubinski and Harald L{\"u}ck and B. Machenschalk and Myron Macinnis and M. Mageswaran and K. Mailand and Michaela Malec and Vuk Mandic and Stefano Maran{\`o} and S. M{\'a}rka and Jared John Markowitz and Edward Maros and I W Martin and J. N. Marx and Kenneth R Mason and Luca Matone and Vincenzo Matta and Nergis Mavalvala and R. L. McCarthy and D. E. McClelland and Scott C. McGuire and Martin P. McHugh and Kirk McKenzie and Sean T. McWilliams and Tobias Meier and A. C. Melissinos and Greg Mendell and Richard A J Mercer and Sydney Meshkov and Chris Messenger and David Meyers and Eugeniy Mikhailov and Subhasish Mitra and Vp. Mitrofanov and Gena Mitselmakher and Rachel Mittleman and Osamu Miyakawa and S. D. Mohanty and Gerardo Moreno and Kasem Mossavi and C Mowlowry and Andrew J. Moylan and Damien Mudge and Guido Mueller and Subroto Mukherjee and Helge M{\"u}ller-Ebhardt and Jesper Munch and P. G. Murray and E. Myers and Joshua Myers and Thomas Nash and G. P. Newton and Akio Nishizawa and Keiko Numata and Brian O'reilly and Richard O’Shaughnessy and D. J. Ottaway and Harry Overmier and Benjamin J. Owen and Y. B. Pan and Maria Alessandra Papa and V. Parameshwaraiah and P. Patel and M. Pedraza and Stephen Penn and Vincenzo Pierro and I. M. Pinto and Matthew Pitkin and H. J. Pletsch and M. V. Plissi and Fabio Postiglione and Reinhard Prix and V. Quetschke and F. J. Raab and D. S. Rabeling and Hugh Radkins and Rauha Rahkola and N. Rainer and Malik Rakhmanov and M. Ramsunder and S. Ray-Majumder and Virginia Re and Henning Rehbein and Stuart Reid and D. H. Reitze and Luciano Ribichini and R. Riesen and Keith Riles and B. Rivera and N. A. Robertson and C. A. K. Robinson and E. L. Robinson and Shaun Roddy and A. C. Rodriguez and Aaron Rogan and Jameson Graef Rollins and J. D. Romano and J. H. Romie and R. Route and Sheila Rowan and A. O. R{\"u}diger and Laurent Ruet and P. Russell and Kris Ryan and Shihori Sakata and Michael Samidi and L. Sancho de la Jordana and V. D. Sandberg and Virginio Sannibale and Siddhant Saraf and Pradeep Sarin and B. S. Sathyaprakash and S. Sato and P. R. Saulson and Richard L. Savage and Pavlin Savov and Sascha. W. Schediwy and Roland Schilling and Roman Schnabel and Robert M. S. Schofield and B. F. Schutz and P. B. Schwinberg and S. M. Scott and Antony C. Searle and B. Sears and F. Seifert and Danny Sellers and Anand S. Sengupta and Peter S Shawhan and D. H. Shoemaker and Anna Sibley and Xavier Siemens and Daniel Sigg and Supriyo Sinha and A. M. Sintes and B. J. J. Slagmolen and Jacob Slutsky and Joshua R. Smith and M. R. Smith and Kentaro Somiya and Kenneth Strain and Damon Strom and Al. Stuver and T. Z. Summerscales and K-X Sun and Myungkee Sung and P. Sutton and H. Takahashi and David B. Tanner and R. D. Taylor and R. D. Taylor and J. Thacker and Keith A. Thorne and Kip S. Thorne and Andr{\'e} Th{\"u}ring and K. Tokmakov and Cristina Torres and C. I. Torrie and Gary Traylor and Miquel Trias and William Tyler and Dennis Wayne Ugolini and Karel E. Urbanek and Henning Vahlbruch and Michele Vallisneri and Christian Van den Broeck and Monica Varvella and Steve Vass and Alberto Vecchio and John Veitch and Peter J. Veitch and Akira E. Villar and Cheryl Vorvick and S. P. Vyachanin and Samuel J. Waldman and L. Wallace and H. Ward and Robert L. Ward and Kevin Watts and Andreas Weidner and Michael Weinert and Alan J. Weinstein and Rainer Weiss and S. Wen and Karl Wette and James Whelan and S. E. Whitcomb and B. F. Whiting and Clive R. Wilkinson and Phil A. Willems and L. Williams and Benno Willke and Ian Wilmut and Walter Winkler and C. C. Wipf and Stacy M. Wise and A. G. Wiseman and Graham Woan and Daniel J. Woods and R. Wooley and John R. Worden and W W Wu and Igor Yakushin and H Yamamoto and Z. Yan and Shuhei Yoshida and N. Yunes and Michele Zanolin and J. Zhang and L. Zhang and C Zhao and Natalia V. Zotov and Michael Edward Zucker and Hermynia Zur M{\"u}hlen and J. G. Zweizig and Kevin Hurley},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
  pages={1419 - 1430}
We analyzed the available LIGO data coincident with GRB 070201, a short-duration, hard-spectrum γ-ray burst (GRB) whose electromagnetically determined sky position is coincident with the spiral arms of the Andromeda galaxy (M31). Possible progenitors of such short, hard GRBs include mergers of neutron stars or a neutron star and a black hole, or soft γ-ray repeater (SGR) flares. These events can be accompanied by gravitational-wave emission. No plausible gravitational-wave candidates were found… 

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An optical spectrum of the afterglow of a γ-ray burst at a redshift of z = 6.295

  • N. KawaiG. Kosugi A. Yoshida
  • Physics
  • 2006
The prompt γ-ray emission from γ-ray bursts (GRBs) should be detectable out to distances of z > 10 (ref. 1), and should therefore provide an excellent probe of the evolution of cosmic star formation,