Implications, prevention and management of subcutaneous emphysema during endodontic treatment.


Subcutaneous emphysema (SCE) is a possible complication of both nonsurgical and surgical endodontic treatment. A review of the literature pertinent to endodontic intervention and SCE is highlighted, while the causes of and recommendations for the prevention of SCE are provided. A review of the pathways whereby compressed air may travel through potential… (More)


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