Imperial Scholars and Minority Nationalisms in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia

  title={Imperial Scholars and Minority Nationalisms in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia},
  author={Vera Tolz},
  journal={Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History},
  pages={261 - 290}
  • Vera Tolz
  • Published 2009
  • History
  • Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History
The late imperial period in Russia was marked by intense debates about how to achieve social, political, and, in some instances, cultural cohesion within the context of the empire's multi-ethnicity and multiculturalism. To use our contemporary terminology, we can define the challenge that faced Russian politicians and intellectuals as a resolution of tension between the country's imperial structures and the forces of modern nationalism. (1) Among the various actors whose role in developing the… Expand
Local Laws and the Workings of Legal Knowledge in Late Imperial Russia
In the Russian Empire, a variety of legal traditions in the field of private law coexisted with a central and common element, known either as imperial civil law or "Russian" civil law. The specificExpand
Soviet Orientalism and Nationalism in Central Asia: Aleksandr Semenov's Vision of Tajik National Identity
Russian Orientalists participated—often in a close but precarious relationship with the state—in the transformation of Central Asia from a tsarist colony into part of what Francine Hirsch has calledExpand
On the Threshold of Eurasia: Intersecting Discourses of Empire and Identity in the Russian Empire
Author(s): Feldman, Leah Michele | Advisor(s): Mufti, Aamir; Rorlich, Azade-Ayse | Abstract: This dissertation considers the foundation of discourses of Orientalism and Postcolonialism inExpand
Reconciling Ethnic Nationalism and Imperial Cosmopolitanism: The Lifeworlds of Tsyben Zhamtsarano (1880–1942)
Abstract This article intends to make a contribution to our understanding of how the Russian empire was shaped by its colonies by shifting the focus away from the circulation of knowledge between theExpand
Gypsies as a litmus test for rational, tolerant rule: Fin-de-siècle Russian ethnographers confront the comparative history of Roma in Europe
This article examines six ethnographic studies of Gypsies published in late imperial Russia that offered a comparative history of Roma in Europe. In representing Gypsies’ culture and history, RussianExpand
Systematically ordering the world : the encounter of Buriyad-Mongolian, Tibetan and Russian knowledge cultures in the 19th century*
Since the early 18th century, the Buriyad-Mongols of the Transbaikal regions moved between two worlds : they were part of the Russian Empire and at the same time part of the greater Tibetan BuddhistExpand
Buddhism in post-Soviet Russia: The geographic contexts of 'revival'
........................................................................................................................................ iii AcknowledgementsExpand
Soviet Orientalism and the Creation of Central Asian Nations by Alfrid K. Bustanov (review)
точников на местных языках в сочетании с использованием русскоязычных и европейских исследований позволило исследователю обосновать ряд оригинальных гипотез и рассмотреть парадоксы исламскогоExpand
В последнее время история востоковедения все больше входит в моду в зарубежной русистике. Минувший 2011 год был особенно урожайным. Зимой в издательстве “Routledge” вышел сборник под редакциейExpand


  • Vera Tolz
  • Political Science
  • The Historical Journal
  • 2005
Questioning Edward Said's controversial perception of European Oriental studies as a facilitator of imperialism, this article analyses the views and policies promoted in late imperial Russia byExpand
European, National, and (Anti-)Imperial: The Formation of Academic Oriental Studies in Late Tsarist and Early Soviet Russia
This article focuses on the circulation of knowledge within the discipline of Oriental Studies in Russia and in Europe from the 1880s to the late 1920s. In this period, two processes, closelyExpand
Backwardness and the Quest for Civilization: Early Soviet Central Asia in Comparative Perspective
Much recent scholarship has seen Soviet Central Asia as directly comparable to the overseas colonies of modern European states. In this article, Adeeb Khalid takes issue with this trend. EuropeanExpand
The Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939
The Soviet Union was the first of Europe's multiethnic states to confront the rising tide of nationalism by systematically promoting the national consciousness of its ethnic minorities andExpand
To Make a Difference: the Category of Ethnicity in Late Imperial Russian Politics, 1861–1917
Differences abounded among people living in the Tsar’s vast domain. Imperial subjects spoke different languages, practiced different forms of agriculture, had different physical appearances, cookedExpand
Colonial Encounters and the Forging of New Knowledge and National Identities: Great Britain and India, 1760-1850
In opposition both to the dominant vision of colonial science as an hegemonic European enterprise whose universalization can be conceived of in purely diffusionist terms, and to the more recentExpand
The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia
Adeeb Khalid offers the first extended examination of cultural debates in Central Asia during Russian rule. With the Russian conquest in the 1860s and 1870s the region came into contact withExpand
Imperial Russia : new histories for the Empire
Acknowledgments Introduction Jane Burbank and David L. Ransel Part 1: Autocracy: Politics, Ideology, Symbol 1. Kinship Politics/Autocratic Politics: A Reconsideration of Eighteenth-Century AutocraticExpand
For Prophet and Tsar: Islam and Empire in Russia and Central Asia
Russia occupies a unique position in the Muslim world. Unlike any other non-Islamic state, it has ruled Muslim populations for over 500 years. Though Russia today is plagued by its unrelenting war inExpand
Searching for Nationality: Statistics and National Categories at the End of the Russian Empire (1897–1917)
L 1897 the tsarist administration decided to carry out the first general census of all the people in the Russian Empire. They planned a second census on the same scale for 1915, but cancelled it dueExpand