Imperial Politics and Confucian Societies in Late Imperial China

@article{Elman1989ImperialPA,
  title={Imperial Politics and Confucian Societies in Late Imperial China},
  author={Benjamin A. Elman},
  journal={Modern China},
  year={1989},
  volume={15},
  pages={379 - 418}
}
China began the transition from an aristocratic society to a bureaucratic one more than 600 years before Europe. From a society in which social position and political power were based largely on kinship credentials, China was transformed into a meritocracy in which social prestige and political appointment depended for the most part on written classical examinations to establish legitimate academic credentials. What took more than three centuries in Europe (1600 to 1900) was initiated in China… Expand
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