Imperial Collapse and the Creation of Refugees in Twentieth-Century Europe

  title={Imperial Collapse and the Creation of Refugees in Twentieth-Century Europe},
  author={Panikos Panayi},
  • P. Panayi
  • Published 2011
  • History, Political Science
While the twentieth century came to be known as the century of the refugee,1 the numbers of stateless persons on the European continent fluctuated during its course. Peaks occurred at key moments, including the end of the First World War, the end of the Second World War and the collapse of communism. This does not mean that people did not flee their states of origin due to ‘a well founded fear of persecution’ (to use the 1951 United Nations definition)2 at other times during the course of the… 
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