Impaired working memory and normal sustained attention in borderline personality disorder

@article{Lazzaretti2012ImpairedWM,
  title={Impaired working memory and normal sustained attention in borderline personality disorder},
  author={Matteo Lazzaretti and Niccol{\`o} Morandotti and Michela Sala and Miriam Isola and Sophia Frangou and Giulia Zelda De Vidovich and Elisa Marraffini and Francesca Gambini and Francesco Barale and Federico Zappoli and Edgardo Caverzasi and Paolo Brambilla},
  journal={Acta Neuropsychiatrica},
  year={2012},
  volume={24},
  pages={349 - 355}
}
Lazzaretti M, Morandotti N, Sala M, Isola M, Frangou S, De Vidovich G, Marraffini E, Gambini F, Barale F, Zappoli F, Caverzasi E, Brambilla P. Impaired working memory and normal sustained attention in borderline personality disorder. Objective: Although reports in the literature describe deficits in working memory in borderline personality disorder (BPD), the evidence is limited and inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate further this cognitive dimension and its clinical correlates… 
Event-Related Potentials Altered in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder during Working Memory Tasks
TLDR
The lower P3 amplitudes and longer N2 latencies in BPD patients suggested that they might have some dysfunction of neural activities in sub-processing in WM, while impulsiveness and negative affect might not have a close relationship with these deficits.
Repetitive TMS on Left Cerebellum Affects Impulsivity in Borderline Personality Disorder: A Pilot Study
TLDR
It is hypothesize that in BPD patients, cerebello-thalamo-cortical communication is altered, resulting in emotional dysregulation and disturbed impulse control.
Borderline Personality Disorder: Refinements in Phenotypic and Cognitive Profiling
Purpose of ReviewAdvancements in taxometric and dimensional approaches to personality psychopathology have pushed for refinements to the borderline personality disorder (BPD) phenotype, but proposed
Differential relations of executive functioning to borderline personality disorder presentations in adolescents.
TLDR
This study is the first to examine executive functioning and adolescent BPD in the context of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, and reveals that multiple EF domains distinguished the BPD subgroups.
Why Is Working Memory Performance Unstable? A Review of 21 Factors
TLDR
This review critically examines the breadth of research investigating WM while synthesizing the results across related subfields in psychology.
Comparing the symptoms and mechanisms of “dissociation” in dissociative identity disorder and borderline personality disorder
  • A. Laddis, P. Dell, M. Korzekwa
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2017
TLDR
Alter identities seemed to generate most—but not all—dissociative phenomena in DID patients, whereas only the 24% highest scoring BPD patients (MID ≥45) seemed to manifest alter-driven dissociative experiences.
An Elaboration on Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental illness that centers on the inability to manage emotions effectively. The disorder occurs in the context of relationships: sometimes all
Attention bias and working memory in people with borderline personality symptoms with and without non-suicidal self-injury
TLDR
This research presents a novel and scalable approach called “Smart Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain” (CPR Spine) that allows for real-time assessment of the severity of a patient’s pain before and after treatment.
Temperament in Mothers with Borderline Personality Disorder and in Their Young Children Aged 4-7
In this study we sampled mothers with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and their young children ages 4-7 (n = 36), as well as normative comparisons (n = 34). We assessed temperament in both
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Cognitive memory control in borderline personality disorder patients
TLDR
The mechanism of active retrieval of memories and of improvement through repetition is impaired in BPD, particularly in those who experienced traumatic experiences, possibly resulting in the emergence of unwanted memories and dissociative symptoms.
Frontal lobe dysfunctions in borderline personality disorder? Neuropsychological findings.
TLDR
Although there were no indications of frontal dysfunction of cognitive information processing, inverse correlations were found between the severity of borderline-related personality traits regarding impulsiveness and various areas of cognitive performance.
Trait impulsivity in female patients with borderline personality disorder and matched controls
TLDR
The results imply that successful impulse inhibition involves interaction between the impulsive and the emotional systems.
Executive neurocognitive functioning and neurobehavioral systems indicators in borderline personality disorder: a preliminary study.
TLDR
This preliminary and exploratory study sought to examine predictions made from the Depue-Lenzenweger model with respect to controlled (effortful) information processing in borderline personality disorder and found support for each in relation to performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test.
Neuropsychological functioning in patients with borderline personality disorder.
TLDR
The BPD group performance did not differ from the normal group on most tasks of executive functioning or memory, and the introduction of emotional stimuli did not impair performance, but the depressed group performed less effectively than the other groups.
The Association between Attentional and Executive Controls in the Expression of Borderline Personality Disorder Features: A Preliminary Study
TLDR
Investigation of the association between performance on the Attention Network Task and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and the extent of BPD psychopathology found attentional and executive functions are promising endophenotypic markers of B PD psychopathology.
Neuropsychological function in borderline personality disorder.
TLDR
It is suggested that subtle organic factors may be operative in some, but not all, BPD patients.
The Neuropsychological Correlates of Borderline Personality Disorder and Suicidal Behaviour
TLDR
Impaired EF and disinhibitory processes, as indicated by verbal fluency, Trails, and Stroop performance, primarily associated with dorsolateral prefrontal cortical regions may represent a dominant executive pathway to suicide attempt.
Impulsivity, Defensive Functioning, and Borderline Personality Disorder
TLDR
The results may contribute to a better definition of the term “impulsivity” as related to BPD, and may lead to further, improved research into the cause, treatment, and prognosis of BPD.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...