Impaired recognition and experience of disgust following brain injury

  title={Impaired recognition and experience of disgust following brain injury},
  author={Andrew J. Calder and Jill Keane and Facundo Manes and Nagui M. Antoun and Andrew W. Young},
  journal={Nature Neuroscience},
Huntington's disease can particularly affect people's recognition of disgust from facial expressions, and functional neuroimaging research has demonstrated that facial expressions of disgust consistently engage different brain areas (insula and putamen) than other facial expressions. However, it is not known whether these particular brain areas process only facial signals of disgust or disgust signals from multiple modalities. Here we describe evidence, from a patient with insula and putamen… 

fMRI study of recognition of facial expressions in high-functioning autistic patients

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Facial expression recognition across the adult life span

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Examination of emotion recognition in Huntington's disease found no evidence of relative impairments in recognizing disgust or fear, and no evidence to support a link between the striatum and disgust recognition.

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It is indicated that Parkinson's disease can indeed selectively impair the recognition of facial expressions of disgust; this provides concrete evidence for emotion-specific impairments that sufficiently withstands criticisms regarding the difficulty artefacts.

Disgust-specific impairment of facial expression recognition in Parkinson’s disease

There is contradictory evidence regarding whether the impairments of the recognition of emotional facial expressions in Parkinson’s disease are specific to certain emotions such as disgust and fear.



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The results support the hypotheses derived from neuropsychological findings, that recognition of disgust, fear and anger is based on separate neural systems, and that the output of these systems converges on frontal regions for further information processing.

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Face perception and emotion recognition were investigated in a group of people with Huntington's disease and matched controls, showing that the recognition of some emotions is more impaired than others and disgust is a prime candidate.

Neural responses to facial and vocal expressions of fear and disgust

  • M. PhillipsA. Young J. Gray
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1998
The findings support the differential localization of the neural substrates of fear and disgust and suggest a possible general role for the perception of emotional expressions for the superior temporal gyrus.

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Findings suggest the human amygdala may be indispensable to recognize fear in facial expressions, but is not required to recognize personal identity from faces, and constrains the broad notion that the amygdala is involved in emotion.

Impaired auditory recognition of fear and anger following bilateral amygdala lesions

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Handbook of Emotions

Part 1. Interdisciplinary Foundations. R.C. Solomon, The Philosophy of Emotions. P.N. Stearns, History of Emotions: Issues of Change and Impact. J.E. Stets, J.H. Turner, The Sociology of Emotions. J.