Impaired nitric oxide modulation of myocardial oxygen consumption in genetically cardiomyopathic hamsters.

Abstract

We investigated the role of kinin and nitric oxide (NO) in the modulation of cardiac O(2)consumption in Syrian hamsters with overt heart failure (HF) and age-matched normal hamsters. Using echocardiography, the hamsters with heart failure had reduced ejection fraction [31(+/-8) v 76(+/-5)%] and LV dilation [4.9(+/-0. 2) v 5.7(+/-0.3) mm, both P<0.05 from normal]. O(2)consumption in the left ventricular free wall was measured using a Clark-type O(2)electrode in an air-tight chamber, containing Krebs solution buffered with Hepes (37 degrees C, pH 7.4). Concentration response curves to bradykinin (BK), ramiprilat (RAM), amlodipine (AMLO) and the NO donor, S -nitroso- N -acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP) were performed. Basal myocardial O(2)consumption was lower in the HF group compared to normal [316(+/-21) v 404(+/-36) nmol O(2)/min/g, respectively, P<0.05]. In the hearts from normal hamsters BK (10(-4)mol/l), RAM (10(-4)mol/l), and AMLO (10(-5)mol/l) all significantly reduced myocardial O(2)consumption by 42(+/-6)%, 29(+/-7)% and 27(+/-5)% respectively. This reduction was attenuated in the presence of N -nitro- l -arginine methyl ester (l -NAME) [BK: 3.3(+/-1.5)%, RAM: 3.3(+/-1.2)%, AMLO: 2.3(+/-1.2)%, P<0.05]. Interestingly in the hearts from HF group, BK, RAM and AMLO caused a significantly smaller reduction in myocardial O(2)consumption [10(+/-2)%, 2.5(+/-1.3)%, 6.3(+/-2.3)%, P<0.05]. In contrast, the NO donor SNAP reduced myocardial O(2)consumption in both groups and all those responses were not affected by l -NAME. These data indicate that endogenous NO production through the kinin-dependent mechanism is impaired at end-stage heart failure. The loss of kinin and NO control of mitochondrial respiration may contribute to the pathogenesis of heart failure.

Cite this paper

@article{Loke2000ImpairedNO, title={Impaired nitric oxide modulation of myocardial oxygen consumption in genetically cardiomyopathic hamsters.}, author={Kit Ee Loke and Edward J Messina and Seema Mital and Thomas H. Hintze}, journal={Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology}, year={2000}, volume={32 12}, pages={2299-306} }