Impaired Memory and General Intelligence Related to Severity and Duration of Patients' Disease in Type A Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

  title={Impaired Memory and General Intelligence Related to Severity and Duration of Patients' Disease in Type A Posttraumatic Stress Disorder},
  author={Reza Emdad and Hans Peter S{\"o}ndergaard},
  journal={Behavioral Medicine},
  pages={73 - 86}
Studies of short-term memory and general intelligence associated with duration and severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on observed Type A scores are rare. The authors' aim was to assess Type A behavior and identify subgroups of patients who performed most poorly on memory and intelligence tests and Type A scores related to the severity and duration of their disease. They administered nonverbal memory and intelligence tests to 30 men with PTSD and 20 men without PTSD who responded… 

Neuropsychological performance is related to current social and occupational functioning in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder

Cognitive performance accurately predicted current social and occupational functioning in veterans with PTSD, and deficits in memory performance were displayed in a sample of medication‐ and substance abuse‐free veterans with flashbacks.

Visuoconstructional ability in PTSD patients compared to a control group with the same ethnic background

Background. Studies on problem of visuoconstructional ability in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are scarce. Aim. (1) Visuoconstructional ability in subjects with chronic PTSD, compared to

[The relationship between cognitive intelligence, emotional intelligence, coping and stress symptoms in the context of type A personality pattern].

It is suggested that stress management programs for Type As should include exercises that increase emotional intelligence, especially the components of drawing pleasure from their life situation, being more positive, hopeful and optimistic.

The Relati onship between Cogniti ve Intelligence, Emoti onal Intelligence, Coping and Stress Symptoms in the context of Type A Personality Patt ern

Results: Our analyses showed that stress symptoms were negatively correlated with effective coping, stress management, and general mood dimensions of the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire. They

The Aftermath of Combat-Related PTSD

Some of the characteristics of military personnel involved in these conflicts, factors unique to the current military actions, and symptom presentation and prevalence rates of PTSD among those serving in Iraq and Afghanistan are reviewed.

Cognitive Performance in the Aftermath of a Natural Disaster: The Role of Coping Strategies, Theory of Mind and Peer Social Support

Active and avoidant coping strategies and Theory of Mind are important factors associated with better cognitive performance in the aftermath of a natural disaster.

The Psychological Consequences of Pre-Emigration Trauma and Post-Migration Stress in Refugees and Immigrants from Africa

Estimates of pre-emigration trauma, post-migration stress, and psychological sequelae of immigrants and refugees from predominantly Sub-Saharan Africa who immigrated to Sweden were provided and the predictors of the psychiatric sequelae as well as acculturation within the host country were examined.

Показатели нейродинамики и стресс-реактивности у лиц юношеского возраста с разными типами коронарного поведения

The coronary behavior of type A is one of the risk factors for development of cardiovascular diseases, but its peculiarities in adolescent people is poorly studied. It is shown that representatives

Nitric oxide metabolites in exhaled breath condensate in young people

Under psychoemotional stress, the NNC decreases in both young men and young women; Subjects with the maximum indices of systolic blood pressure show a significantly lower NNC as compared to subjects with the minimum BPs indices.



Learning Problems, Impaired Short-Term Memory, and General Intelligence in Relation to Severity and Duration of Disease in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Patients

ABSTRACT There are scarcely published studies that have addressed the relationship between posttraumatic period, and severity of PTSD in relation to the short-term memory and the general

Impairments in short‐term memory, and figure logic, in PTSD patients compared to healthy controls with the same ethnic background

The results provide support for and confirm the hypothesis that short term visual memory is impaired in PTSD patients and help clarify the role of figure logic in this disorder.

Cardiovascular Reactivity in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Patients Undergoing Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

The lack of autonomic recovery to the MRI exposure seen among Posttraumatic stress disordered patients may be a sign of impaired extinction.

Predictors of cognitive change in middle-aged and older adults with memory loss.

Measures of cerebral metabolism, objective memory performance, sex, and education may predict subsequent cognitive change in middle-aged and older persons with memory loss and the parietal asymmetry found in persons with questionable dementia may be present very early in the course of age-related cognitive decline.

Changes in immediate visual memory predict cognitive impairment.

Six-year changes in immediate visual memory performance assessed by the Benton Visual Retention test predicted Alzheimer's disease (AD) prior to its onset and predicted subsequent cognitive performance 6-15 and 16-22 years later, even after adjusting for the influences of age, general ability, and initial immediate memory.

Type A behavior: a longitudinal study from childhood to adulthood.

It was concluded that Type A‐related behavior could be identified rather early and that it shows an unexpected degree of stability over a period of 14 years.

Protection and Damage from Acute and Chronic Stress: Allostasis and Allostatic Overload and Relevance to the Pathophysiology of Psychiatric Disorders

  • B. McEwen
  • Biology, Psychology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2004
In animal models, neurons in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex respond to repeated stress by showing atrophy, whereas neurons in amygdala show a growth response, yet these are not necessarily “damaged” and may be treatable with the right medications.

Cardiovascular Responses of Boys Exhibiting the Type A Behavior Pattern

The results resemble the findings from the adult Type A psychophysiologic studies and suggest that the cardiovascular responses associated with the Type A pattern may begin in childhood.

Traumatic stress and attachment.

  • S. Wang
  • Biology, Psychology
    Acta physiologica Scandinavica. Supplementum
  • 1997
Studies in animals and in humans with posttraumatic stress disorder indicate that chronic traumatic stress can result in dissociation of the sympatho-adrenal medullary and the HPA system resulting in sustained elevations of the former system but suppressed or altered ACTH-corticoid responsivity.

Interrater agreement on the Benton visual retention test.

To address overlapping needs in clinical neuropsychology and epidemiology of the elderly, we report an in-depth analysis of interrater scoring for a test commonly used to assess visual memory in