Subtotal nephrectomy inhibits the gastric emptying of liquid in awake rats
Dysmotility and delayed emptying of the stomachhave been reported in patients with chronic renalfailure (CRF). The aim of this study was to investigatewhether gastric myoelectrical activity was impaired in patients with CRF using electrogastrography.The electrogastrogram (EGG) was recorded in 24symptomatic patients with CRF (15 with diabetes) and 12normal subjects. Two 30-min EGG recordings before and after a test meal were analyzed using spectralanalysis methods. It was found that patients with CRFshowed a significantly lower percentage of normal 2-4cpm slow waves in both fasting and fed states in comparison with healthy controls (in fastingstate: 88.9 ± 2.5% vs 67.4 ± 6.6%/63.27.0%, P < 0.01; in fed state: 89.6 ± 1.8% vs64.6 ± 6.2%/62.0 ± 8.3%, P < 0.01;controls vs diabetic patients/nondiabetic patients). Both patient groups showed a significantlyhigher prevalence of the abnormal EGG, which was definedas the percentage of 2-4 cpm slow waves lower than 70%(fasting state: 8% vs 60%/56%, P < 0.01/0.05; fed state: 0% vs 53%/56%, P < 0.005/0.002;controls vs diabetic patients/nondiabetic patients). Nosignificant difference was observed in the regularity ofthe gastric slow waves between the two patient groups. The healthy controls showed a significantincrease in the dominant power and frequency of the EGGafter the test meal. However, this increase was absentin the two patient groups. It was concluded that patients with chronic renal failure haveabnormal gastric myoelectrical activity, includingimpaired regularity of the gastric slow wave and afailed increase in the power of the EGG at 3 cpm.Electrogastrography is an attractive noninvasive method for thestudy of gastric motility in patients with severechronic renal failure.