Impacts of Pesticides on Honey Bees

@inproceedings{SanchezBayo2016ImpactsOP,
  title={Impacts of Pesticides on Honey Bees},
  author={Francisco Sánchez-Bayo and Koichi Goka},
  year={2016}
}
This chapter focuses on the detrimental effects that pesticides have on managed honey bee colonies and their productivity. We examine first the routes of exposure of bees to agrochemicals used for crop protection and their application to crops, fate and contami‐ nation of water and plants around the fields. Most of the time, the exposure of bees to pesticides is through ingestion of residues found in the pollen and nectar of plants and in water. Honey bees are also exposed to pesticides used… 

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