Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services

@article{Worm2006ImpactsOB,
  title={Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services},
  author={Boris Worm and Edward B. Barbier and Nicola J. Beaumont and J. Emmett Duffy and Carl Folke and Benjamin S. Halpern and Jeremy B C Jackson and Heike K. Lotze and Fiorenza Micheli and Stephen R. Palumbi and Enric Sala and Kimberley A. Selkoe and John J Stachowicz},
  journal={Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={314},
  pages={787 - 790}
}
Human-dominated marine ecosystems are experiencing accelerating loss of populations and species, with largely unknown consequences. We analyzed local experiments, long-term regional time series, and global fisheries data to test how biodiversity loss affects marine ecosystem services across temporal and spatial scales. Overall, rates of resource collapse increased and recovery potential, stability, and water quality decreased exponentially with declining diversity. Restoration of biodiversity… Expand
Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios
Climate change can impact the pattern of marine biodiversity through changes in species’ distributions. However, global studies on climate change impacts on ocean biodiversity have not been performedExpand
Functional consequences of realistic biodiversity changes in a marine ecosystem
TLDR
This study used tide pool microcosms to demonstrate that the effects of real-world changes in biodiversity may be very different from those of random diversity changes, and quantified nitrogen uptake using both experimental and model seaweed assemblages. Expand
Response to Comments on "Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services"
TLDR
It is shown that globally declining fisheries catch trends cannot be explained by random processes and are consistent with declining stock abundance trends, and may provide a benchmark against which to assess the effectiveness of conservation measures. Expand
Impacts of ocean climate variability on biodiversity of pelagic forage species in an upwelling ecosystem
TLDR
The assessment of marine biodiversity is difficult because sampling methodology often varies depending on oceanographic research programs, and it is logistically difficult and expensive to maintain long-term data sets. Expand
The Role of Biodiversity
TLDR
These findings are already powerful arguments for the conservation of biodiversity, though current research aims to increase their relevance to the real world by including a more extensive range of ecosystems and processes, realistic food web structures, realistic (nonrandom) extinction scenarios and larger spatial scales. Expand
Exponential Decline of Deep-Sea Ecosystem Functioning Linked to Benthic Biodiversity Loss
TLDR
This study provides scientific evidence that the conservation of deep-sea biodiversity is a priority for a sustainable functioning of the worlds' oceans and suggests that mutually positive functional interactions can be common in the largest biome of the authors' biosphere. Expand
Resilience to climate change in coastal marine ecosystems.
TLDR
Empirical evidence is discussed for how ecological and evolutionary mechanisms contribute to the resilience of coastal marine ecosystems following climate change-related disturbances, and how resource managers can apply this information to sustain these systems and the ecosystem services they provide. Expand
Habitat recovery and restoration in aquatic ecosystems: current progress and future challenges
TLDR
Differences between freshwater and marine ecosystems include the greater spatial restriction of many species in fresh water, the importance of rooted vegetation and insects in freshwater, and the much greater dispersal and connectivity in marine systems, which dictate different approaches to restoration. Expand
Future phytoplankton diversity in a changing climate
TLDR
The rate of turnover in the phytoplankton community becomes faster during this century and the community structure becomes increasingly unstable in response to climate change, implying a loss of ecological resilience with likely knock-on effects on the productivity and functioning of the marine environment. Expand
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning
Species diversity is a major determinant of ecosystem productivity, stability, invasibility, and nutrient dynamics. Hundreds of studies spanning terrestrial, aquatic, and marine ecosystems show thatExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 102 REFERENCES
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Current Knowledge and Future Challenges
TLDR
Larger numbers of species are probably needed to reduce temporal variability in ecosystem processes in changing environments and to determine how biodiversity dynamics, ecosystem processes, and abiotic factors interact. Expand
Depletion, Degradation, and Recovery Potential of Estuaries and Coastal Seas
TLDR
Reconstructed time lines, causes, and consequences of change in 12 once diverse and productive estuaries and coastal seas worldwide show similar patterns: Human impacts have depleted >90% of formerly important species, destroyed >65% of seagrass and wetland habitat, degraded water quality, and accelerated species invasions. Expand
Global Trajectories of the Long-Term Decline of Coral Reef Ecosystems
TLDR
Records are compiled, extending back thousands of years, of the status and trends of seven major guilds of carnivores, herbivores, and architectural species from 14 regions that indicate reefs will not survive without immediate protection from human exploitation over large spatial scales. Expand
Consistent patterns and the idiosyncratic effects of biodiversity in marine ecosystems
TLDR
Variable diversity effects for species representative of marine coastal systems at both global and regional scales are demonstrated and evidence for an increase in complementary resource use as diversity increases and strong evidence for diversity effects in naturally assembled communities at a regional scale is shown. Expand
Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment
TLDR
It is found that greater numbers of plant species led to greater temporal stability of ecosystem annual aboveground plant production and the reliable, efficient and sustainable supply of some foods, fuels and ecosystem services can be enhanced by the use of biodiversity. Expand
EFFECTS OF BIODIVERSITY ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING: A CONSENSUS OF CURRENT KNOWLEDGE
TLDR
Understanding this complexity, while taking strong steps to minimize current losses of species, is necessary for responsible management of Earth's ecosystems and the diverse biota they contain. Expand
Historical Overfishing and the Recent Collapse of Coastal Ecosystems
Ecological extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution, degradation of water quality, and anthropogenic climate change.Expand
Ecosystem recovery after climatic extremes enhanced by genotypic diversity.
TLDR
It is shown that genotypic diversity can replace the role of species diversity in a species-poor coastal ecosystem, and it may buffer against extreme climatic events, and the importance of maintaining genetic as well as species diversity to enhance ecosystem resilience in a world of increasing uncertainty. Expand
How Extinction Patterns Affect Ecosystems
Ecologists have vigorously studied the impact of species loss on ecosystem integrity. However, most of these studies invoke scenarios of biodiversity loss where the loss of species is random. In theExpand
Global Patterns of Predator Diversity in the Open Oceans
TLDR
Global patterns of tuna and billfish diversity over the past 50 years are derived, revealing distinct subtropical “hotspots” that appeared to hold generally for other predators and zooplankton and concluding that predator diversity shows a predictable yet eroding pattern signaling ecosystem-wide changes linked to climate and fishing. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...