Impact of viral attachment factor expression on antibody-mediated neutralization of flaviviruses.

Abstract

Neutralization of flaviviruses requires engagement of the virion by antibodies with a stoichiometry that exceeds a required threshold. Factors that modulate the number of antibodies bound to an individual virion when it contacts target cells impact neutralization potency. However, the contribution of cellular factors to the potency of neutralizing antibodies has not been explored systematically. Here we investigate the relationship between expression level of a viral attachment factor on cells and the neutralizing potency of antibodies. Analysis of the attachment factor DC-SIGNR on cells in neutralization studies failed to identify a correlation between DC-SIGNR expression and antibody-mediated protection. Furthermore, neutralization potency was equivalent on a novel Jurkat cell line induced to express DC-SIGNR at varying levels. Finally, blocking virus-attachment factor interactions had no impact on neutralization activity. Altogether, our studies suggest that cellular attachment factor expression is not a significant contributor to the potency of neutralizing antibodies to flaviviruses.

DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2012.11.016

Cite this paper

@article{Obara2013ImpactOV, title={Impact of viral attachment factor expression on antibody-mediated neutralization of flaviviruses.}, author={Christopher John Obara and Kimberly A. Dowd and Julie E. Ledgerwood and Theodore C Pierson}, journal={Virology}, year={2013}, volume={437 1}, pages={20-7} }